Numerical testing by a transfer-matrix technique of Simmons' equation for the local current density in metal-vacuum-metal junctions

Alexandre Mayer, Marwan Mousa , Mark Hagmann, Richard Forbes

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We test the consistency with which Simmons’ model can predict the local current density obtained for flat metal-vacuum-metal junctions. The image potential energy used in Simmons’ original papers had a missing factor of 1/2. Beside this technical issue, Simmons’ model relies on a mean-barrier approximation for electron transmission through the potential-energy barrier between the metals. In order to test Simmons’ expression for the local current density when the correct image potential energy is included, we compare the results of this expression with those provided by a transfer-matrix technique. We also consider the current densities provided by a numerical integration of the transmission probability obtained with the WKB approximation and Simmons’ mean-barrier approximation. The comparison between these different models shows that Simmons’ expression for the local current density actually provides results that are in good agreement with those provided by the transfer-matrix technique, for a range of conditions of practical interest. We show that Simmons’ model provides good results in the linear and field-emission regimes of current density versus voltage plots. It loses its applicability when the top of the potential-energy barrier drops below the Fermi level of the emitting metal.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)63-77
Nombre de pages15
journalJordan Journal of Physics
Volume12
Numéro de publication1
étatPublié - 1 janv. 2019

Empreinte digitale

current density
vacuum
potential energy
metals
Wentzel-Kramer-Brillouin method
approximation
numerical integration
field emission
plots
electric potential
electrons

mots-clés

  • electronic field emission
  • transfer matrix
  • theory
  • junction
  • electronic transport

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title = "Numerical testing by a transfer-matrix technique of Simmons' equation for the local current density in metal-vacuum-metal junctions",
abstract = "We test the consistency with which Simmons’ model can predict the local current density obtained for flat metal-vacuum-metal junctions. The image potential energy used in Simmons’ original papers had a missing factor of 1/2. Beside this technical issue, Simmons’ model relies on a mean-barrier approximation for electron transmission through the potential-energy barrier between the metals. In order to test Simmons’ expression for the local current density when the correct image potential energy is included, we compare the results of this expression with those provided by a transfer-matrix technique. We also consider the current densities provided by a numerical integration of the transmission probability obtained with the WKB approximation and Simmons’ mean-barrier approximation. The comparison between these different models shows that Simmons’ expression for the local current density actually provides results that are in good agreement with those provided by the transfer-matrix technique, for a range of conditions of practical interest. We show that Simmons’ model provides good results in the linear and field-emission regimes of current density versus voltage plots. It loses its applicability when the top of the potential-energy barrier drops below the Fermi level of the emitting metal.",
keywords = "electronic field emission, transfer matrix, theory, junction, electronic transport, Field electron emission, Mean-barrier approximation, Metal-vacuum-metal junction, Theory, Transfer-matrix technique, Transmission probability",
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Numerical testing by a transfer-matrix technique of Simmons' equation for the local current density in metal-vacuum-metal junctions. / Mayer, Alexandre; Mousa , Marwan; Hagmann, Mark; Forbes, Richard.

Dans: Jordan Journal of Physics, Vol 12, Numéro 1, 01.01.2019, p. 63-77.

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Numerical testing by a transfer-matrix technique of Simmons' equation for the local current density in metal-vacuum-metal junctions

AU - Mayer, Alexandre

AU - Mousa , Marwan

AU - Hagmann, Mark

AU - Forbes, Richard

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We test the consistency with which Simmons’ model can predict the local current density obtained for flat metal-vacuum-metal junctions. The image potential energy used in Simmons’ original papers had a missing factor of 1/2. Beside this technical issue, Simmons’ model relies on a mean-barrier approximation for electron transmission through the potential-energy barrier between the metals. In order to test Simmons’ expression for the local current density when the correct image potential energy is included, we compare the results of this expression with those provided by a transfer-matrix technique. We also consider the current densities provided by a numerical integration of the transmission probability obtained with the WKB approximation and Simmons’ mean-barrier approximation. The comparison between these different models shows that Simmons’ expression for the local current density actually provides results that are in good agreement with those provided by the transfer-matrix technique, for a range of conditions of practical interest. We show that Simmons’ model provides good results in the linear and field-emission regimes of current density versus voltage plots. It loses its applicability when the top of the potential-energy barrier drops below the Fermi level of the emitting metal.

AB - We test the consistency with which Simmons’ model can predict the local current density obtained for flat metal-vacuum-metal junctions. The image potential energy used in Simmons’ original papers had a missing factor of 1/2. Beside this technical issue, Simmons’ model relies on a mean-barrier approximation for electron transmission through the potential-energy barrier between the metals. In order to test Simmons’ expression for the local current density when the correct image potential energy is included, we compare the results of this expression with those provided by a transfer-matrix technique. We also consider the current densities provided by a numerical integration of the transmission probability obtained with the WKB approximation and Simmons’ mean-barrier approximation. The comparison between these different models shows that Simmons’ expression for the local current density actually provides results that are in good agreement with those provided by the transfer-matrix technique, for a range of conditions of practical interest. We show that Simmons’ model provides good results in the linear and field-emission regimes of current density versus voltage plots. It loses its applicability when the top of the potential-energy barrier drops below the Fermi level of the emitting metal.

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KW - Transmission probability

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