Pharmacological evaluation of both enantiomers of (R,S)-BM-591 as thromboxane A2 receptor antagonists and thromboxane synthase inhibitors

S Rolin, J M Dogne, C Vastersaegher, J Hanson, B Masereel

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The aim of this work is to evaluate the anti-thromboxane activity of two pure enantiomers of (R,S)-BM-591, a nitrobenzene sulfonylurea chemically related to torasemide, a loop diuretic. The drug affinity for thromboxane A2 receptor (TP) of human washed platelets has been determined. In these experiments, (R)-BM-591 (IC50 = 2.4+/-0.1 nM) exhibited a significant higher affinity than (S)-BM-591 (IC50 = 4.2+/-0.15 nM) for human washed platelets TP receptors. Both enantiomers were stronger ligands than SQ-29548 (IC50 = 21.0+/-1.0 nM) and sulotroban (IC50 = 930+/-42 nM), two reference TXA2 receptor antagonists. Pharmacological characterisations of (S)-BM-591 and (R)-BM-591 were compared in several models. Thus, (R)-BM-591 strongly prevented platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (AA) (600 microM) and U-46619 (1 microM) while (S)-BM-591 showed a lower activity. On isolated tissues pre-contracted by U-46619, a stable TXA2 agonist, (S)-BM-591 was more potent in relaxing guinea-pig trachea (EC50 = 0.272+/-0.054 microM) and rat aorta (EC50 = 0.190+/-0.002 microM) than (R)-BM-591 (EC50 of 9.60+/-0.63 microM and 0.390+/-0.052 microM, respectively). Moreover, at 1 microM, (R)-BM-591 totally inhibited TXA2 synthase activity, expressed as TXB2 production from human platelets, while at the same concentration, (S)-BM-591 poorly reduced the TXB2 synthesis (22%). Finally, in rats, both enantiomers lost the diuretic activity of torasemide. In conclusion, (R)-BM-591 exhibits a higher affinity and antagonism on human platelet TP receptors than (S)-BM-591 as well as a better thromboxane synthase inhibitory potency. In contrast, (S)-BM-591 is more active than the (R)-enantiomer in relaxing smooth muscle contraction of rat aorta and trachea guinea pig. Consequently, (R)-BM-591 represents the best candidate for further development in the field of thrombosis disorders.
langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)75-86
Nombre de pages12
journalProstaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
Numéro de publication1-4
Etat de la publicationPublié - oct. 2004

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