A new classification of pre-ovulatory oocyte maturation stages in pikeperch, Sander lucioperca (L.), and its application during artificial reproduction

D. Zarski, D. Kucharczyk, K. Targońska, K. Kupren, K. Palińska, P. Fontaine, P. Kestemont

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Abstract

This study aimed at improving the reproduction effectiveness and synchronization of ovulation in the pikeperch, Sander lucioperca (L.), during induced spawning, which is one of the main bottlenecks in the aquaculture of this species. For this purpose, a new categorization of maturation stages in pre-ovulatory oocytes was applied. It is generally based on two morphological indicators: germinal vesicle migration or its breakdown (GVBD) and different oil droplet coalescence rates. This categorization covered seven stages (from I to VII) - from the end of vitellogenesis to ovulation. The categorization was verified by controlled reproduction with the use of hormonal stimulation (500IU of hCG per kg of female body weight) and low spawning temperature (12°C), which extended the latency time. In addition, some morphological indicators (pseudo-gonadosomatic index, Fulton's condition coefficient) of females were calculated in order to determine their usability in determining the maturation stage. However, these indicators proved to be ineffective for this purpose, further highlighting the need to determine the maturational stages in pre-ovulatory oocytes to synchronize ovulation in pikeperch. During the experiment, ovulation seemed to be synchronized among the experimental treatments. Statistical differences were found in terms of latency time between experimental groups at different maturity stages (II - 78-98h; III - 57-78h; IV - 48-58h; V - 32-49h; VI - 5-30h) according to the proposed classification. This classification and the results presented in the study significantly improved the synchronization of ovulation, which may positively affect the effectiveness of pikeperch production under controlled conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-721
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Cell Biology
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012

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