3D interconnected macro-mesoporous electrode with self-assembled NiO nanodots for high-performance supercapacitor-like Li-ion battery

Xianfeng Zheng, Hongen Wang, Chao Wang, Zhao Deng, Lihua Chen, Yu Li, Tawfique Hasan, Bao Lian Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report a binder-free three-dimensional (3D) macro-mesoporous electrode architecture via self-assembly of 3 nm NiO nanodots on macroporous nickel foam for high performance supercapacitor-like lithium battery. This electrode architecture provides a hierarchically 3D macro-mesoporous electrolyte-filled network that simultaneously enables rapid ion transfer and ultra-short solid-phase ion diffusion. Benefitting from the structural superiority owing to the interconnected porous hierarchy, the electrode exhibits supercapacitor-like high rate capabilities with high lithium battery capacities during the discharge-charge process: a very high capacity of 518 mA h g-1 at an ultrahigh current density of 50 A g-1. It exceeds at least ~10 times than that of the state-of-the-art graphite anode, which shows only ~50 mA h g-1 at ~2 to 3 A g-1 as anode for Li-ion batteries. The preparation method of 3D interconnected hierarchically macro-mesoporous electrode presented here can provide an efficient new binder-free electrode technique towards the development of high-performance supercapacitor-like Li-ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-277
Number of pages9
JournalNano Energy
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Nanodots
  • NiO
  • Self-assembly
  • Supercapacitor

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