Role of the ipsilateral primary motor cortex in controlling the timing of hand muscle recruitment

M. Davare, J. Duque, Y. Vandermeeren, J. L. Thonnard, E. Olivier

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs


The precise contribution of the ipsilateral primary motor cortex (iM1) to hand movements remains controversial. To address this issue, we elicited transient virtual lesions of iM1 by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in healthy subjects performing either a grip-lift task or a step-tracking task with their right dominant hand. We found that, irrespective of the task, a virtual lesion of iM1 altered the timing of the muscle recruitment. In the grip-lift task, this led to a less coordinated sequence of grip and lift movements and in the step-tracking task, to a perturbation of the movement trajectory. In the step-tracking task, we have demonstrated that disrupting iM1 activity may, depending on the TMS delay, either advance or delay the muscle recruitment. The present study suggests that iM1 plays a critical role in hand movements by contributing to the setting of the muscle recruitment timing, most likely through either inhibitory or facilitatory transcallosal influences onto the contralateral M1 (cM1). iM1 would therefore contribute to shape precisely the muscular command originating from cM1.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)353-362
Nombre de pages10
journalCerebral Cortex
Numéro de publication2
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - févr. 2007
Modification externeOui

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