Oral immunization of mice with a live recombinant Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 strain that produces the cholera toxin B subunit

M P Sory, P Hermand, J P Vaerman, G R Cornelis

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    Résumé

    The 70-kilobase pYV plasmid of Yersinia enterocolitica encodes a set of proteins called Yops that are produced during infection. To use Y. enterocolitica as a live carrier to present the cholera toxin B (CT-B) subunit to the immune system, we constructed an operon fusion between ctxB and the yop51 gene. This operon fusion was either cloned on an RSF1010-derived plasmid or integrated into the pYV plasmid itself. In Y. enterocolitica, both constructions directed the synthesis of free CT-B only under conditions of Yops production, i.e., at 37 degrees C in a medium deprived of Ca2+. Bacteria containing both types of recombinant plasmids were given orally to mice. A serum antibody response against CT-B was detected in both cases. A secretory immunoglobulin A activity specific to CT-B was also observed in the intestinal secretions. According to immunoblot analysis, the serum antibody response was only directed against the polymeric form of the B subunit. The ctxB gene was also inserted in frame within yop51, giving a chimeric Yop51-CT-B protein that was secreted into the surrounding medium. In this case, however, no antibody response was observed after oral inoculation of mice. This lack of response probably results from the inability of the hybrid protein to assemble into the polymeric form of the B subunit.
    langue originaleAnglais
    Pages (de - à)2420-8
    Nombre de pages9
    journalInfection and Immunity
    Volume58
    Numéro de publication8
    Etat de la publicationPublié - 1990

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