Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use

Jesús Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Michiel F. WallisDeVries, Léon Marshall, Maarten van't Zelfde, Alma R. Villalobos-Arámbula, Bastiaen Boekelo, Harm Bartholomeus, Markus Franzén, Jacobus C. Biesmeijer

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

Résumé

Aim: Biodiversity is rapidly disappearing at local and global scales also affecting the functional diversity of ecosystems. We aimed to assess whether functional diversity was correlated with species diversity and whether both were affected by similar land use and vegetation structure drivers. Better understanding of these relationships will allow us to improve our predictions regarding the effects of future changes in land use on ecosystem functions and services. Location: The Netherlands. Methods: We compiled a dataset of c. 3 million observations of 66 out of 106 known Dutch butterfly species collected across 6,075 sampling locations during a period of 7 years, together with very high-resolution maps of land use and countrywide vegetation structure data. Using a mixed-effects modelling framework, we investigated the relationship between functional and species diversity and their main land use and vegetation structure drivers. Results: We found that high species diversity does not translate into high functional diversity, as shown by their different spatial distribution patterns in the landscape. Functional and species diversity are mainly driven by different sets of structural and land use parameters (especially average vegetation height, amount of vegetation between 0.5 and 2 m, natural grassland, sandy soils vegetation, marsh vegetation and urban areas). We showed that it is a combination of both vegetation structural characteristics and land use variables that defines functional and species diversity. Main conclusions: Functional diversity and species diversity of butterflies are not consistently correlated and must therefore be treated separately. High functional diversity levels occurred even in areas with low species diversity. Thus, conservation actions may differ depending on whether the focus is on conservation of high functional diversity or high species diversity. A more integrative analysis of biodiversity at both species and trait levels is needed to infer the full effects of environmental change on ecosystem functioning.

langueAnglais
Pages1126-1137
Nombre de pages12
journalGlobal Ecology and Biogeography
Volume26
Numéro10
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 1 oct. 2017

Empreinte digitale

functional diversity
vegetation structure
butterfly
butterflies
species diversity
land use
vegetation
ecosystems
biodiversity
ecosystem
ecosystem function
ecosystem service
sandy soil
marsh
land use change
urban areas
environmental change
sandy soils
marshes
urban area

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    Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J., WallisDeVries, M. F., Marshall, L., van't Zelfde, M., Villalobos-Arámbula, A. R., Boekelo, B., ... Biesmeijer, J. C. (2017). Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12622
    Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Jesús ; WallisDeVries, Michiel F. ; Marshall, Léon ; van't Zelfde, Maarten ; Villalobos-Arámbula, Alma R. ; Boekelo, Bastiaen ; Bartholomeus, Harm ; Franzén, Markus ; Biesmeijer, Jacobus C./ Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use. Dans: Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2017 ; Vol 26, Numéro 10. p. 1126-1137
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    title = "Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use",
    abstract = "Aim: Biodiversity is rapidly disappearing at local and global scales also affecting the functional diversity of ecosystems. We aimed to assess whether functional diversity was correlated with species diversity and whether both were affected by similar land use and vegetation structure drivers. Better understanding of these relationships will allow us to improve our predictions regarding the effects of future changes in land use on ecosystem functions and services. Location: The Netherlands. Methods: We compiled a dataset of c. 3 million observations of 66 out of 106 known Dutch butterfly species collected across 6,075 sampling locations during a period of 7 years, together with very high-resolution maps of land use and countrywide vegetation structure data. Using a mixed-effects modelling framework, we investigated the relationship between functional and species diversity and their main land use and vegetation structure drivers. Results: We found that high species diversity does not translate into high functional diversity, as shown by their different spatial distribution patterns in the landscape. Functional and species diversity are mainly driven by different sets of structural and land use parameters (especially average vegetation height, amount of vegetation between 0.5 and 2 m, natural grassland, sandy soils vegetation, marsh vegetation and urban areas). We showed that it is a combination of both vegetation structural characteristics and land use variables that defines functional and species diversity. Main conclusions: Functional diversity and species diversity of butterflies are not consistently correlated and must therefore be treated separately. High functional diversity levels occurred even in areas with low species diversity. Thus, conservation actions may differ depending on whether the focus is on conservation of high functional diversity or high species diversity. A more integrative analysis of biodiversity at both species and trait levels is needed to infer the full effects of environmental change on ecosystem functioning.",
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    Aguirre-Gutiérrez, J, WallisDeVries, MF, Marshall, L, van't Zelfde, M, Villalobos-Arámbula, AR, Boekelo, B, Bartholomeus, H, Franzén, M & Biesmeijer, JC 2017, 'Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use' Global Ecology and Biogeography, VOL. 26, Numéro 10, p. 1126-1137. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12622

    Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use. / Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Jesús; WallisDeVries, Michiel F.; Marshall, Léon; van't Zelfde, Maarten; Villalobos-Arámbula, Alma R.; Boekelo, Bastiaen; Bartholomeus, Harm; Franzén, Markus; Biesmeijer, Jacobus C.

    Dans: Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol 26, Numéro 10, 01.10.2017, p. 1126-1137.

    Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

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    AU - Aguirre-Gutiérrez,Jesús

    AU - WallisDeVries,Michiel F.

    AU - Marshall,Léon

    AU - van't Zelfde,Maarten

    AU - Villalobos-Arámbula,Alma R.

    AU - Boekelo,Bastiaen

    AU - Bartholomeus,Harm

    AU - Franzén,Markus

    AU - Biesmeijer,Jacobus C.

    PY - 2017/10/1

    Y1 - 2017/10/1

    N2 - Aim: Biodiversity is rapidly disappearing at local and global scales also affecting the functional diversity of ecosystems. We aimed to assess whether functional diversity was correlated with species diversity and whether both were affected by similar land use and vegetation structure drivers. Better understanding of these relationships will allow us to improve our predictions regarding the effects of future changes in land use on ecosystem functions and services. Location: The Netherlands. Methods: We compiled a dataset of c. 3 million observations of 66 out of 106 known Dutch butterfly species collected across 6,075 sampling locations during a period of 7 years, together with very high-resolution maps of land use and countrywide vegetation structure data. Using a mixed-effects modelling framework, we investigated the relationship between functional and species diversity and their main land use and vegetation structure drivers. Results: We found that high species diversity does not translate into high functional diversity, as shown by their different spatial distribution patterns in the landscape. Functional and species diversity are mainly driven by different sets of structural and land use parameters (especially average vegetation height, amount of vegetation between 0.5 and 2 m, natural grassland, sandy soils vegetation, marsh vegetation and urban areas). We showed that it is a combination of both vegetation structural characteristics and land use variables that defines functional and species diversity. Main conclusions: Functional diversity and species diversity of butterflies are not consistently correlated and must therefore be treated separately. High functional diversity levels occurred even in areas with low species diversity. Thus, conservation actions may differ depending on whether the focus is on conservation of high functional diversity or high species diversity. A more integrative analysis of biodiversity at both species and trait levels is needed to infer the full effects of environmental change on ecosystem functioning.

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    Aguirre-Gutiérrez J, WallisDeVries MF, Marshall L, van't Zelfde M, Villalobos-Arámbula AR, Boekelo B et al. Butterflies show different functional and species diversity in relationship to vegetation structure and land use. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2017 oct. 1;26(10):1126-1137. Disponible �, DOI: 10.1111/geb.12622