Time course of release of inflammatory markers after coronary stenting: Comparison between bare metal stent and sirolimus-eluting stent

Joëlle M. Kefer, Laurence M. Galanti, Sandrine Desmet, Véronique Deneys, Claude E. Hanet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: High levels of release of inflammatory markers after coronary angioplasty are predictors of late restenosis. Sirolimus-eluting stent reduces the risk of restenosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: To compare the release of inflammatory markers after coronary angioplasty with sirolimus-eluting stent and bare metal stent. METHODS: Sixteen patients with a proximal left anterior descending coronery artery stenosis were randomly assigned to receive either bare metal stent (n=8) or sirolimus-eluting stent (n=8). We measured simultaneously aortic and coronary sinus concentrations of the von Willebrand factor antigen, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 before, immediately and after 2 h after stenting. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein and troponin-I circulating levels were measured before and 6 and 24 h after coronary angioplasty. RESULTS: Before stenting, all values were similar in both groups. The coronary sinus change of the von Willebrand factor antigen level between baseline and 2 h after stenting was +20.1±26.9% in the bare metal stent group and -5.7±23.02% in the sirolimus-eluting stent group (P<0.05). We observed a significant increase in the von Willebrand factor antigen (from 132.8±58.8 to 169±40.7%, P<0.05) systemic concentrations 24 h after stenting in the bare metal stent group but not in the sirolimus-eluting stent group (from 140.6±84% to 136±39.5%), P=NS). CONCLUSION: The present study shows that a difference in the release of inflammatory markers can be detected after coronary stenting with bare metal stent or sirolimus-eluting stent. The lower release of the von Willebrand factor antigen in the coronary sinus 2 h after the procedure and the lower systemic concentrations of the von Willebrand factor antigen 24 h after stenting in the sirolimus-eluting stent group are likely to reflect a reduced production of the von Willebrand factor antigen at the site of the vascular injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-509
Number of pages5
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary angioplasty
  • Drug-eluting stent
  • Inflammation
  • Restenosis
  • Von Willebrand factor

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