Hierarchically porous carbon-supported sulfur material is widely used as a cathode for Li-S batteries because its large surface area and rich porous system provide high sulfur loading, resulting in high specific capacity with stable charge/discharge cycling performance. However, limited attention has been paid to whether the structure of hierarchical porous system affects the final electrochemical performance of Li-S/C batteries. Herein, we present hierarchically structured carbon (WSAC) with varied amounts of mesopores and micropores as a sulfur container for Li-S batteries. It is found that the relationship between electrochemical performance and percentage of microporous volume obeys a volcano distribution, which indicates that the volume percentage of microporous in the meso-microporous structure could be suitably tuned to achieve the desired electrochemical performance. Such S/hierarchically meso-microporous carbon (i.e., WSAC-8) with moderate microporous volume percentage (68.3%) shows high initial specific capacity (1375 mA h g-1) and stable charge/discharge performance (942.6 mA h g-1 after 200 cycles at 0.5C). In particular, WSAC-8 also presented superior capacity behavior at high rate capability, with final capacity as high as 800.1 and 758.7 mA h g-1 for 1C and 2C, respectively.
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Technological Platform Physical Chemistry and characterization
Facility/equipment: Technological Platform