Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials

Ming Hui Sun, Li Hua Chen, Bao Lian Su

Research output: Contribution in Book/Catalog/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter presents an overview of the synthesis strategies based on the sol-gel process for the preparation of multimodal porous networks of hierarchically structured functional materials and a brief introduction to their applications as photocatalysts, scaffold templates, and catalyst supports. Until now, many successful examples have been reported for the preparation of hierarchically porous materials by combining a single templating method with a supplementary chemical or physical method. The chapter provides an introduction to the synthesis strategies for the preparation of hierarchically porous materials using the dual and multiple micellar templates in hierarchically porous material synthesis. It reviews the features and history of self-formation phenomenon to target hierarchically structured porous materials based on metal alkoxides. The chapter also reviews the effects of general synthesis conditions on the self-formation phenomenon, including metal alkoxide, surfactant, solvent, pH values, and hydrothermal synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCharacterization and Properties of Sol-Gel Materials
Number of pages44
ISBN (Print)9783527670819, 9783527334865
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2015


  • Dual mixed micelles
  • Hierarchically porous material synthesis
  • Hierarchically structured porous materials
  • Metal alkoxide
  • Multiple micellar templating approach
  • Photocatalyst
  • Self-formation phenomenon
  • Sol-gel process


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