Emerging heterostructured C3N4 photocatalysts for photocatalytic environmental pollutant elimination and sterilization

Yang Ding, Chunhua Wang, Lang Pei, Soumyajit Maitra, Qinan Mao, Runtian Zheng, Meijiao Liu, Yun Hau Ng, Jiasong Zhong, Li Hua Chen, Bao Lian Su

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Photocatalysis is deemed a highly prominent technology to solve environmental problems such as pollution, CO2 emission and bacterial contamination. As an important photocatalyst, g-C3N4 has attracted a great amount of attention in environmental remediation owing to its good stability, excellent light response, low cost and environmentally friendly properties. However, the pristine g-C3N4 photocatalyst generally suffers from serious photoinduced charge carrier recombination, poor surface active sites, and insufficient visible light harvesting, thereby leading to unsatisfactory photocatalytic performance. Heterostructured C3N4 photocatalysts have recently become a research focus in environmental fields thanks to their fast photoexcited electron-hole pair dissociation, broadened visible light response range, and sufficient photoredox capability. Herein, we critically review the up-to-date developments of heterostructured C3N4 photocatalysts in organic pollutant elimination, heavy metal ion reduction, CO2 conversion and bacterial inactivation. Meanwhile, the strategies for constructing efficient C3N4 based heterostructures with enhanced environmental photocatalytic capability are thoroughly described, which should help readers to quickly acquire in-depth knowledge and to inspire new concepts in heterostructure engineering. Finally, the challenges and opportunities in fabricating heterostructured C3N4 photocatalysts for large-scale and commercial applications are discussed to give a clear study direction in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3756-3780
Number of pages25
JournalInorganic Chemistry Frontiers
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2023


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