Direct and indirect impacts of environmental factors on migration in Burkina Faso: Application of Structural Equation Modeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the prolific literature on the impact of environment on migration, direct and indirect effects are often mentioned but rarely estimated separately. We use structural equation modelling to estimate how the drivers of migration (socio-economic, environmental and individual) interact with each other and jointly contribute to individuals’ migration decision in rural Burkina Faso (1970–1998). Facing a worsening environmental situation, people’s direct response tends to be short-term migrations to rural and urban areas, but the indirect effect differs: poor rainfall conditions push down socio-economic situation in communities, which in turn discourages migration to rural areas or to abroad. In total, an adverse environmental situation tends to increase the likelihood of short-term migrations to rural and urban areas and to decrease that of long-term migrations to rural areas and to abroad. These findings contribute to a clearer understanding of the migration response to poor environmental conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456–479
JournalPopulation and Environment
Volume40
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2019

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Burkina Faso
environmental factors
environmental factor
migration
modeling
rural area
urban area
economic situation
driver
environmental conditions
rainfall

Keywords

  • migration
  • environment
  • Burkina Faso
  • structural equation modelling

Cite this

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title = "Direct and indirect impacts of environmental factors on migration in Burkina Faso: Application of Structural Equation Modeling",
abstract = "In the prolific literature on the impact of environment on migration, direct and indirect effects are often mentioned but rarely estimated separately. We use structural equation modelling to estimate how the drivers of migration (socio-economic, environmental and individual) interact with each other and jointly contribute to individuals’ migration decision in rural Burkina Faso (1970–1998). Facing a worsening environmental situation, people’s direct response tends to be short-term migrations to rural and urban areas, but the indirect effect differs: poor rainfall conditions push down socio-economic situation in communities, which in turn discourages migration to rural areas or to abroad. In total, an adverse environmental situation tends to increase the likelihood of short-term migrations to rural and urban areas and to decrease that of long-term migrations to rural areas and to abroad. These findings contribute to a clearer understanding of the migration response to poor environmental conditions.",
keywords = "migration, environment, Burkina Faso, structural equation modelling",
author = "{De Longueville}, Florence and Yajing Zhu and Sabine Henry",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct and indirect impacts of environmental factors on migration in Burkina Faso

T2 - Application of Structural Equation Modeling

AU - De Longueville, Florence

AU - Zhu, Yajing

AU - Henry, Sabine

PY - 2019/5/17

Y1 - 2019/5/17

N2 - In the prolific literature on the impact of environment on migration, direct and indirect effects are often mentioned but rarely estimated separately. We use structural equation modelling to estimate how the drivers of migration (socio-economic, environmental and individual) interact with each other and jointly contribute to individuals’ migration decision in rural Burkina Faso (1970–1998). Facing a worsening environmental situation, people’s direct response tends to be short-term migrations to rural and urban areas, but the indirect effect differs: poor rainfall conditions push down socio-economic situation in communities, which in turn discourages migration to rural areas or to abroad. In total, an adverse environmental situation tends to increase the likelihood of short-term migrations to rural and urban areas and to decrease that of long-term migrations to rural areas and to abroad. These findings contribute to a clearer understanding of the migration response to poor environmental conditions.

AB - In the prolific literature on the impact of environment on migration, direct and indirect effects are often mentioned but rarely estimated separately. We use structural equation modelling to estimate how the drivers of migration (socio-economic, environmental and individual) interact with each other and jointly contribute to individuals’ migration decision in rural Burkina Faso (1970–1998). Facing a worsening environmental situation, people’s direct response tends to be short-term migrations to rural and urban areas, but the indirect effect differs: poor rainfall conditions push down socio-economic situation in communities, which in turn discourages migration to rural areas or to abroad. In total, an adverse environmental situation tends to increase the likelihood of short-term migrations to rural and urban areas and to decrease that of long-term migrations to rural areas and to abroad. These findings contribute to a clearer understanding of the migration response to poor environmental conditions.

KW - migration

KW - environment

KW - Burkina Faso

KW - structural equation modelling

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 456

EP - 479

JO - Population and Environment

JF - Population and Environment

SN - 0199-0039

IS - 4

ER -