Direct and indirect impacts of environmental factors on migration in Burkina Faso: application of structural equation modelling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the prolific literature on the impact of environment on migration, direct and indirect effects are often mentioned but rarely estimated separately. We use structural equation modelling to estimate how the drivers of migration (socio-economic, environmental and individual) interact with each other and jointly contribute to individuals’ migration decision in rural Burkina Faso (1970–1998). Facing a worsening environmental situation, people’s direct response tends to be short-term migrations to rural and urban areas, but the indirect effect differs: poor rainfall conditions push down socio-economic situation in communities, which in turn discourages migration to rural areas or to abroad. In total, an adverse environmental situation tends to increase the likelihood of short-term migrations to rural and urban areas and to decrease that of long-term migrations to rural areas and to abroad. These findings contribute to a clearer understanding of the migration response to poor environmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-479
Number of pages24
JournalPopulation and Environment
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Burkina Faso
  • Environment
  • Migration
  • Structural equation modelling

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