3D-printed jars for ball-milling experiments monitored in situ by X-ray powder diffraction

Nikolay Tumanov, Voraksmy Ban, Agnieszka Poulain, Yaroslav Filinchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mechanochemistry is flourishing in materials science, but a characterization of the related processes is difficult to achieve. Recently, the use of plastic jars in shaker mills has enabled in situ X-ray powder diffraction studies at high-energy beamlines. This paper describes an easy way to design and manufacture these jars by three-dimensional (3D) printing. A modified wall thickness and the use of a thin-walled sampling groove and a two-chamber design, where the milling and diffraction take place in two communicating volumes, allow for a reduced background/absorption and higher angular resolution, with the prospect for use at lower-energy beamlines. 3D-printed polylactic acid jars show good mechanical strength and they are also more resistant to solvents than jars made of polymethyl methacrylate. The source files for printing the jars are available as supporting information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)994-999
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Crystallography
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2017


  • 3D printing
  • ball milling
  • in situ powder diffraction


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