Role and determinants of structural transformation in Benin

  • Yves Hounguevou

Student thesis: Master typesMaster de spécialisation en économie internationale et du développement


This paper assesses the role and determinants of structural transformation in Benin over the period from 2001 to 2019. A comparative analysis between Benin and seven over countries in West Africa is provided. Using the Shapley decomposition method, the results show that, apart from Togo, where structural transformation has regressed economic growth, all the countries in the region have experienced positive structural transformation, with Côte d'Ivoire in the lead, followed by Benin and Niger. The static structural transformation was much more stimulating for growth in all these countries, although it was partially offset by a dynamic loss in Mali. A dynamic panel model reveals that the share of agriculture in employment, the share of commodities in exports, and the change in trade openness are positively and significantly correlated with structural change. In contrast, static structural change is negatively affected by agriculture's share of employment and the share of commodities in exports. It is, however, positively correlated with trade openness and the level of institutional management in these countries. The structural transformation observed in Benin contrasts sharply with that of Asian countries, since in WAEMU countries the majority of workers who leave the agricultural sector move to low-productivity sectors such as trade and transport.
la date de réponse2021
langue originaleAnglais
L'institution diplômante
  • Universite de Namur
SuperviseurRomain Houssa (Promoteur) & Modeste Daye (Copromoteur)

Contient cette citation