A study of daily time allocation to travel and out-of-home activity is conducted across eight European cities over three countries: France (Lyon, Grenoble, Strasbourg and Rennes), Switzerland (Geneva, Bern and Zurich) and Belgium (Brussels), based on individual travel survey data collected between 1997 and 2006. The effects of socio-demographic, spatial context, transport availability and city-specific variables are investigated thanks to the Cox proportional hazard model. The results indicate that socio-demographic characteristics and city (or country) specific effect play a major role while residential density and proximity to high level road or public transport networks have a very limited impact on time budgets for travel and out-of-home activities. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
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RAUX, C., Ma, T-Y., Ovtracht, N., Joly, I., Kaufmann, V., & Cornelis, E. (2011). Travel and activity time allocation: An empirical comparison between eight cities in Europe. Transport Policy, 18(2), 401-412. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2010.11.004