Towards microsimulation of passenger and freight transport competition: Advances in synthetic population generation and simulation of the behaviour of freight actors

Johan Barthelemy, Eric Cornelis, Bart Jourquin, Jeremy Piotte, Philippe Toint

Résultats de recherche: Contribution dans un livre/un catalogue/un rapport/dans les actes d'une conférenceChapitre

Résumé

This paper presents a model of labor participation calibrated on a weekly basis; part-time and full-time employments are also considered. By applying the theory of random utility maximization we model households' choices. In order to have a good temporal and spatial coverage the model is calibrated on three datasets, extracted from both national and regional travel surveys. The results are applied to synthetic households that reproduce the Belgian population. The proposed innovative methodology simulates synthetic agents by accounting both for households' and individuals' characteristics, while not suffering from the problem of the "zero cell value". The results indicate that there is major day-to-day variability in working activity participation; in particular, on Wednesdays and Fridays the number of households working part-time or not working is particularly high. This is consistent with what was expected by the analysts. Working participation is a fundamental component in activity based models where work is considered a skeletal activity. The tools developed here can be useful to study how changes in population characteristics (i.e. increases of flexible working arrangements and of the number of women in the work force) affect activity participation and travel patterns.
langue originaleAnglais
titreProceedings of the WCTR 2010 (electronic version)
étatNon publié - 2010

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title = "Towards microsimulation of passenger and freight transport competition: Advances in synthetic population generation and simulation of the behaviour of freight actors",
abstract = "This paper presents a model of labor participation calibrated on a weekly basis; part-time and full-time employments are also considered. By applying the theory of random utility maximization we model households' choices. In order to have a good temporal and spatial coverage the model is calibrated on three datasets, extracted from both national and regional travel surveys. The results are applied to synthetic households that reproduce the Belgian population. The proposed innovative methodology simulates synthetic agents by accounting both for households' and individuals' characteristics, while not suffering from the problem of the {"}zero cell value{"}. The results indicate that there is major day-to-day variability in working activity participation; in particular, on Wednesdays and Fridays the number of households working part-time or not working is particularly high. This is consistent with what was expected by the analysts. Working participation is a fundamental component in activity based models where work is considered a skeletal activity. The tools developed here can be useful to study how changes in population characteristics (i.e. increases of flexible working arrangements and of the number of women in the work force) affect activity participation and travel patterns.",
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Towards microsimulation of passenger and freight transport competition: Advances in synthetic population generation and simulation of the behaviour of freight actors. / Barthelemy, Johan; Cornelis, Eric; Jourquin, Bart; Piotte, Jeremy; Toint, Philippe.

Proceedings of the WCTR 2010 (electronic version). 2010.

Résultats de recherche: Contribution dans un livre/un catalogue/un rapport/dans les actes d'une conférenceChapitre

TY - CHAP

T1 - Towards microsimulation of passenger and freight transport competition: Advances in synthetic population generation and simulation of the behaviour of freight actors

AU - Barthelemy, Johan

AU - Cornelis, Eric

AU - Jourquin, Bart

AU - Piotte, Jeremy

AU - Toint, Philippe

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This paper presents a model of labor participation calibrated on a weekly basis; part-time and full-time employments are also considered. By applying the theory of random utility maximization we model households' choices. In order to have a good temporal and spatial coverage the model is calibrated on three datasets, extracted from both national and regional travel surveys. The results are applied to synthetic households that reproduce the Belgian population. The proposed innovative methodology simulates synthetic agents by accounting both for households' and individuals' characteristics, while not suffering from the problem of the "zero cell value". The results indicate that there is major day-to-day variability in working activity participation; in particular, on Wednesdays and Fridays the number of households working part-time or not working is particularly high. This is consistent with what was expected by the analysts. Working participation is a fundamental component in activity based models where work is considered a skeletal activity. The tools developed here can be useful to study how changes in population characteristics (i.e. increases of flexible working arrangements and of the number of women in the work force) affect activity participation and travel patterns.

AB - This paper presents a model of labor participation calibrated on a weekly basis; part-time and full-time employments are also considered. By applying the theory of random utility maximization we model households' choices. In order to have a good temporal and spatial coverage the model is calibrated on three datasets, extracted from both national and regional travel surveys. The results are applied to synthetic households that reproduce the Belgian population. The proposed innovative methodology simulates synthetic agents by accounting both for households' and individuals' characteristics, while not suffering from the problem of the "zero cell value". The results indicate that there is major day-to-day variability in working activity participation; in particular, on Wednesdays and Fridays the number of households working part-time or not working is particularly high. This is consistent with what was expected by the analysts. Working participation is a fundamental component in activity based models where work is considered a skeletal activity. The tools developed here can be useful to study how changes in population characteristics (i.e. increases of flexible working arrangements and of the number of women in the work force) affect activity participation and travel patterns.

M3 - Chapter

BT - Proceedings of the WCTR 2010 (electronic version)

ER -