AIM: To identify new mechanisms responsible for the radiosensitization effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs).
MATERIALS & METHODS: A549 lung carcinoma cells were incubated with 10-nm GNPs during 6 or 24 h before to be exposed to 25 keV/μm protons or 225 kV x-rays.
RESULTS: GNP incubation led to a time-dependent mitochondria membrane depolarization, oxidative stress and to x-ray and proton radiosensitization. Moreover, a marked inhibition of thioredoxin reductase was observed. Irradiation of cells invalidated for thioredoxin reductase evidenced a radiosensitization effect, suggesting that this enzyme is a potential GNP target.
CONCLUSION: We suggest that GNPs play a radiosensitizer role by weakening detoxification systems. Altogether, these results open up promising novel strategies for the development of nanotechnologies associated to radiotherapy.
Empreinte digitaleExaminer les sujets de recherche de « The role of thioredoxin reductase in gold nanoparticle radiosensitization effects ». Ensemble, ils forment une empreinte digitale unique.
Plateforme technologique Synthese, irradiation et analyse des materiaux
Equipement/installations: Plateforme technolgique