AIM: To identify new mechanisms responsible for the radiosensitization effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs).
MATERIALS & METHODS: A549 lung carcinoma cells were incubated with 10-nm GNPs during 6 or 24 h before to be exposed to 25 keV/μm protons or 225 kV x-rays.
RESULTS: GNP incubation led to a time-dependent mitochondria membrane depolarization, oxidative stress and to x-ray and proton radiosensitization. Moreover, a marked inhibition of thioredoxin reductase was observed. Irradiation of cells invalidated for thioredoxin reductase evidenced a radiosensitization effect, suggesting that this enzyme is a potential GNP target.
CONCLUSION: We suggest that GNPs play a radiosensitizer role by weakening detoxification systems. Altogether, these results open up promising novel strategies for the development of nanotechnologies associated to radiotherapy.
Plateforme technologique Synthese, irradiation et analyse des materiaux
Equipement/installations: Plateforme technolgique