The role of oxygen at the interface between titanium and carbon nanotubes

A. Felten, Irène Suarez-Martinez, Xiaoxing Ke, Gustaaf van Tendeloo, J. Ghijsen, J.-J. Pireaux, Wolfgang Drube, Carla Bittencourt, Christopher P. Ewels

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We study the interface between carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and surface-deposited titanium using electron microscopy and photoemission spectroscopy, supported by density functional calculations. Charge transfer from the Ti atoms to the nano-tube and carbide formation is observed at the interface which indicates strong interaction. Nevertheless, the presence of oxygen between the Ti and the CNTs significantly weakens the Ti-CNT interaction. Ti atoms at the surface will preferentially bond to oxygenated sites. Potential sources of oxygen impurities are examined, namely oxygen from any residual atmosphere and pre-existing oxygen impurities on the nanotube surface, which we enhance through oxygen plasma surface pre-treatment. Variation in literature data concerning Ohmic contacts between Ti and carbon nanotubes is explained via sample pre-treatment and differing vacuum levels, and we suggest improved treatment routes for reliable Schottky barrier-free Ti-nanotube contact formation.
langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)1799-1804
Nombre de pages6
Numéro de publication11
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 3 août 2009

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    Felten, A., Suarez-Martinez, I., Ke, X., van Tendeloo, G., Ghijsen, J., Pireaux, J-J., Drube, W., Bittencourt, C., & Ewels, C. P. (2009). The role of oxygen at the interface between titanium and carbon nanotubes. ChemPhysChem, 10(11), 1799-1804.