The Jungle Universe: coupled cosmological models in a Lotka–Volterra framework

Jérome Perez, André Füzfa, Timoteo Carletti, Laurence Melot, Sêcloka Lazare Guedezounme

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Résumé

In this paper, we exploit the fact that the dynamics of homogeneous and
isotropic Friedmann–Lemaître universes is a special case of generalized Lotka–
Volterra system where the competitive species are the barotropic fluids filling the
Universe. Without coupling between those fluids, Lotka–Volterra formulation offers
a pedagogical and simple way to interpret usual Friedmann–Lemaître cosmological
dynamics. A natural and physical coupling between cosmological fluids is proposed
which preserves the structure of the dynamical equations. Using the standard tools
of Lotka–Volterra dynamics, we obtain the general Lyapunov function of the system
when one of the fluids is coupled to dark energy. This provides in a rigorous form
a generic asymptotic behavior for cosmic expansion in presence of coupled species,
beyond the standard de Sitter, Einstein-de Sitter and Milne cosmologies. Finally, we
conjecture that chaos can appear for at least four interacting fluids.
langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article46
Pages (de - à)1753
Nombre de pages23
journalGeneral Relativity and Gravitation
Volume46
Numéro de publication4
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 1 mai 2014

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mots-clés

  • dynamical systems, cosmology, population dynamics

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