Structural variety of clofaziminium salts: Effect of the counter-ion on clofaziminium conformation and crystal packing

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Clofazimine is a water-insoluble antimycobacterial agent gaining attention as a treatment for multi-drug resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Novel salts of clofazimine are reported with fumaric, succinic, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic and terephthalic acids and with saccharin. The salt structures were obtained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The salts with 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid and with saccharin are solvated (methanol and acetonitrile, respectively). The reaction of clofazimine with terephthalic acid led to two salt cocrystals, one solvated and one non-solvated. These new clofaziminium salts are compared with the currently known ones in terms of crystal packing and clofazimine/ium conformation. Clofaziminium hydrogen succinate presents isostructurality with clofaziminium hydrogen malonate, an already described salt. In the structure of clofaziminium terephthalate terephthalic acid salt cocrystal, solvent evaporation leads to packing and hydrogen-bonding modifications. In all the new structures, the clofaziminium conformation is quite well conserved and steric hindrance is observed around the protonated site. Conformational optimization of clofaziminium reveals that this steric-hindrance energy penalty is compensated for by hydrogen-bond interactions with the salt counter-ions.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)674-686
Nombre de pages13
journalActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
Volume75
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 1 août 2019

Empreinte digitale

Radiation counters
Conformations
counters
Salts
Clofazimine
salts
Crystals
crystals
ions
Saccharin
acids
Acids
Succinic Acid
Hydrogen
Hydrogen bonds
drugs
hydrogen
tuberculosis
terephthalate
Acetonitrile

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abstract = "Clofazimine is a water-insoluble antimycobacterial agent gaining attention as a treatment for multi-drug resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Novel salts of clofazimine are reported with fumaric, succinic, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic and terephthalic acids and with saccharin. The salt structures were obtained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The salts with 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid and with saccharin are solvated (methanol and acetonitrile, respectively). The reaction of clofazimine with terephthalic acid led to two salt cocrystals, one solvated and one non-solvated. These new clofaziminium salts are compared with the currently known ones in terms of crystal packing and clofazimine/ium conformation. Clofaziminium hydrogen succinate presents isostructurality with clofaziminium hydrogen malonate, an already described salt. In the structure of clofaziminium terephthalate terephthalic acid salt cocrystal, solvent evaporation leads to packing and hydrogen-bonding modifications. In all the new structures, the clofaziminium conformation is quite well conserved and steric hindrance is observed around the protonated site. Conformational optimization of clofaziminium reveals that this steric-hindrance energy penalty is compensated for by hydrogen-bond interactions with the salt counter-ions.",
keywords = "clofazimine, conformational comparison, counter-ion effect on clofaziminium conformation, crystal packing comparison, salts, tuberculosis",
author = "Laurie Bodart and Nikolay Tumanov and Johan Wouters",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
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volume = "75",
pages = "674--686",
journal = "Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials",
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T1 - Structural variety of clofaziminium salts

T2 - Effect of the counter-ion on clofaziminium conformation and crystal packing

AU - Bodart, Laurie

AU - Tumanov, Nikolay

A2 - Wouters, Johan

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Clofazimine is a water-insoluble antimycobacterial agent gaining attention as a treatment for multi-drug resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Novel salts of clofazimine are reported with fumaric, succinic, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic and terephthalic acids and with saccharin. The salt structures were obtained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The salts with 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid and with saccharin are solvated (methanol and acetonitrile, respectively). The reaction of clofazimine with terephthalic acid led to two salt cocrystals, one solvated and one non-solvated. These new clofaziminium salts are compared with the currently known ones in terms of crystal packing and clofazimine/ium conformation. Clofaziminium hydrogen succinate presents isostructurality with clofaziminium hydrogen malonate, an already described salt. In the structure of clofaziminium terephthalate terephthalic acid salt cocrystal, solvent evaporation leads to packing and hydrogen-bonding modifications. In all the new structures, the clofaziminium conformation is quite well conserved and steric hindrance is observed around the protonated site. Conformational optimization of clofaziminium reveals that this steric-hindrance energy penalty is compensated for by hydrogen-bond interactions with the salt counter-ions.

AB - Clofazimine is a water-insoluble antimycobacterial agent gaining attention as a treatment for multi-drug resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Novel salts of clofazimine are reported with fumaric, succinic, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic and terephthalic acids and with saccharin. The salt structures were obtained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The salts with 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid and with saccharin are solvated (methanol and acetonitrile, respectively). The reaction of clofazimine with terephthalic acid led to two salt cocrystals, one solvated and one non-solvated. These new clofaziminium salts are compared with the currently known ones in terms of crystal packing and clofazimine/ium conformation. Clofaziminium hydrogen succinate presents isostructurality with clofaziminium hydrogen malonate, an already described salt. In the structure of clofaziminium terephthalate terephthalic acid salt cocrystal, solvent evaporation leads to packing and hydrogen-bonding modifications. In all the new structures, the clofaziminium conformation is quite well conserved and steric hindrance is observed around the protonated site. Conformational optimization of clofaziminium reveals that this steric-hindrance energy penalty is compensated for by hydrogen-bond interactions with the salt counter-ions.

KW - clofazimine

KW - conformational comparison

KW - counter-ion effect on clofaziminium conformation

KW - crystal packing comparison

KW - salts

KW - tuberculosis

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JO - Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials

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