Realistic microplastics harness bacterial presence and promote impairments in early zebrafish embryos: Behavioral, developmental, and transcriptomic approaches.

Omayma Missawi, Charlotte Wouters, Jérôme Lambert, Mutien Marie Garigliany, Patrick Kestemont, Valérie Cornet

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs

Résumé

The plastisphere is a newly recognized ecosystem. However, its interaction with early life stages of aquatic vertebrates is a multifaceted issue that requires further research. This study investigated the involvement of bacteria in shaping realistic microplastics hazards in zebrafish Danio rerio embryos. Fish were exposed to bottle micro-fragments (FR) and textile micro-fibers (FI) of polyethylene terephthalate (5–15 μm), concomitant with Aeromonas salmonicida achromogenes challenge from 2h post-fertilization for 3 days. Egg chorion showed affinity for FR and FI, inducing earlier embryo hatching. However, this effect was masked by biofilm invasion. Fragments were more detrimental than fibers on developmental parameters, while bacterial presence compromised body length, eye, and yolk sac surface area. In a further finding, MPs alone increased locomotor activity in zebrafish larvae, without synergistic effect when combined with bacteria. Data showed that realistic MPs had no significant effects except for downregulated sod and cyp1a gene expression, whereas bacterial challenge inhibited larval potency for most of the evaluated mRNA levels (mpx (immune system), apoeb (lipid metabolism), nfkb and tfa (inflammation), cyp and sod (oxidative stress)). This study provides new insights into realistic microplastic effects under relevant conditions when combined with environmental pathogen within the first life stages of aquatic vertebrates.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article141107
journalChemosphere
Volume350
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - févr. 2024
Modification externeOui

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