Proximity Effect using a Nanocage Structure: Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane-Imidazolium Tetrachloro- palladate Salt as a Precatalyst for the Suzuki-Miyaura Reaction in Water

Lucia Anna Bivona, Francesco Giacalone, Esther Carbonell Llopis, Michelangelo Gruttadauria, Carmela Aprile

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Résumé

A polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-imidazolium tetrachloropalladate salt (POSS-Imi-PdCl4) was prepared by the reaction of a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-imidazolium chloride salt (POSS-Imi-Cl) with PdCl2 and used as a pre-catalyst for the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction in water at 100 °C at a low loading (0.08-0.16 mol %). Biphenyl compounds were isolated in high to excellent yields. A comparison of the POSS-based catalyst with the corresponding catalyst without the nanocage structure (i.e., 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrachloropalladate) highlighted the role of the POSS structure to reach higher yields in the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction. This result is ascribed to a proximity effect of the imidazolium moieties linked to the nanocage structure. Fresh and used catalytic materials were characterised by using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and TEM.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)1685-1691
Nombre de pages7
journalChemCatChem
Volume8
Numéro de publication9
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 9 mai 2016

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