Protective effect of nitric oxide in aristolochic acid-induced toxic acute kidney injury: an old friend with new assets

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Résumé

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Despite the fact that the pathogenesis of aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy is still unclear, we sought to determine whether nitric oxide is involved in the underlying mechanism of AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). What is the main finding and its importance? Using a model of progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis, in which AA nephropathy exhibits two interconnected phases, an acute phase and a chronic phase of injury, we demonstrated that maintenance of nitric oxide bioavailability is essential to improve the outcome of AA-induced AKI. Aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy (AAN), a progressive tubulointerstitial injury of toxic origin, is characterized by early and transient acute tubular necrosis. This process has been demonstrated to be associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) production, which can disrupt the regulation of renal function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that l-arginine (l-Arg) supplementation could restore renal function and reduce renal injury after AA intoxication. C57BL/6 J male mice were randomly subjected to daily i.p. injection of either sterile saline solution or AA (2.5 mg kg(-1) ) for 4 days. To determine whether AA-induced renal injuries were linked to reduced NO production, l-Arg, a substrate for NO synthase, was supplemented (5%) in drinking water. Mice intoxicated with AA exhibited features of rapid-onset acute kidney injury, including polyuria, significantly increased plasma creatinine concentrations, proteinuria and fractional excretion of sodium (P < 0.05), along with severe proximal tubular cell injury and increased NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2)-derived oxidative stress (P < 0.05). This was associated with a significant reduction in NO bioavailability. l-Arg supplementation in AA-treated mice significantly increased NO bioavailability, which in turn improved renal function (creatininaemia, polyuria, proteinuria, fractional excreted sodium and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase enzymuria) and renal structure (tubular necrosis and tubular cell apoptosis). These changes were associated with significant reductions in Nox2 expression and in production of reactive oxygen species and with an increase in antioxidant concentrations. Our results demonstrate that preservation of NO bioavailability leads to renal protection in AA-induced acute kidney injury by reducing oxidative stress and maintaining renal function.

langueAnglais
Pages193-206
Nombre de pages14
journalExperimental Physiology
Volume101
Numéro1
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 2016

Empreinte digitale

Poisons
Acute Kidney Injury
Nitric Oxide
Kidney
Biological Availability
Wounds and Injuries
Polyuria
NADPH Oxidase
Proteinuria
Oxidative Stress
aristolochic acid I
Necrosis
Sodium
Hexosaminidases
Interstitial Nephritis
Sodium Chloride
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Drinking Water
Arginine
Reactive Oxygen Species

Citer ceci

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title = "Protective effect of nitric oxide in aristolochic acid-induced toxic acute kidney injury: an old friend with new assets",
abstract = "NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Despite the fact that the pathogenesis of aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy is still unclear, we sought to determine whether nitric oxide is involved in the underlying mechanism of AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). What is the main finding and its importance? Using a model of progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis, in which AA nephropathy exhibits two interconnected phases, an acute phase and a chronic phase of injury, we demonstrated that maintenance of nitric oxide bioavailability is essential to improve the outcome of AA-induced AKI. Aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy (AAN), a progressive tubulointerstitial injury of toxic origin, is characterized by early and transient acute tubular necrosis. This process has been demonstrated to be associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) production, which can disrupt the regulation of renal function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that l-arginine (l-Arg) supplementation could restore renal function and reduce renal injury after AA intoxication. C57BL/6 J male mice were randomly subjected to daily i.p. injection of either sterile saline solution or AA (2.5 mg kg(-1) ) for 4 days. To determine whether AA-induced renal injuries were linked to reduced NO production, l-Arg, a substrate for NO synthase, was supplemented (5{\%}) in drinking water. Mice intoxicated with AA exhibited features of rapid-onset acute kidney injury, including polyuria, significantly increased plasma creatinine concentrations, proteinuria and fractional excretion of sodium (P < 0.05), along with severe proximal tubular cell injury and increased NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2)-derived oxidative stress (P < 0.05). This was associated with a significant reduction in NO bioavailability. l-Arg supplementation in AA-treated mice significantly increased NO bioavailability, which in turn improved renal function (creatininaemia, polyuria, proteinuria, fractional excreted sodium and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase enzymuria) and renal structure (tubular necrosis and tubular cell apoptosis). These changes were associated with significant reductions in Nox2 expression and in production of reactive oxygen species and with an increase in antioxidant concentrations. Our results demonstrate that preservation of NO bioavailability leads to renal protection in AA-induced acute kidney injury by reducing oxidative stress and maintaining renal function.",
author = "Decl{\`e}ves, {Anne {\'E}milie} and In{\`e}s Jadot and Vanessa Colombaro and Blanche Martin and Virginie Voisin and Jo{\"e}lle Nortier and Nathalie Caron",
year = "2016",
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pages = "193--206",
journal = "Experimental Physiology",
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T1 - Protective effect of nitric oxide in aristolochic acid-induced toxic acute kidney injury

T2 - Experimental Physiology

AU - Declèves,Anne Émilie

AU - Jadot,Inès

AU - Colombaro,Vanessa

AU - Martin,Blanche

AU - Voisin,Virginie

AU - Nortier,Joëlle

AU - Caron,Nathalie

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Despite the fact that the pathogenesis of aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy is still unclear, we sought to determine whether nitric oxide is involved in the underlying mechanism of AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). What is the main finding and its importance? Using a model of progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis, in which AA nephropathy exhibits two interconnected phases, an acute phase and a chronic phase of injury, we demonstrated that maintenance of nitric oxide bioavailability is essential to improve the outcome of AA-induced AKI. Aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy (AAN), a progressive tubulointerstitial injury of toxic origin, is characterized by early and transient acute tubular necrosis. This process has been demonstrated to be associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) production, which can disrupt the regulation of renal function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that l-arginine (l-Arg) supplementation could restore renal function and reduce renal injury after AA intoxication. C57BL/6 J male mice were randomly subjected to daily i.p. injection of either sterile saline solution or AA (2.5 mg kg(-1) ) for 4 days. To determine whether AA-induced renal injuries were linked to reduced NO production, l-Arg, a substrate for NO synthase, was supplemented (5%) in drinking water. Mice intoxicated with AA exhibited features of rapid-onset acute kidney injury, including polyuria, significantly increased plasma creatinine concentrations, proteinuria and fractional excretion of sodium (P < 0.05), along with severe proximal tubular cell injury and increased NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2)-derived oxidative stress (P < 0.05). This was associated with a significant reduction in NO bioavailability. l-Arg supplementation in AA-treated mice significantly increased NO bioavailability, which in turn improved renal function (creatininaemia, polyuria, proteinuria, fractional excreted sodium and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase enzymuria) and renal structure (tubular necrosis and tubular cell apoptosis). These changes were associated with significant reductions in Nox2 expression and in production of reactive oxygen species and with an increase in antioxidant concentrations. Our results demonstrate that preservation of NO bioavailability leads to renal protection in AA-induced acute kidney injury by reducing oxidative stress and maintaining renal function.

AB - NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Despite the fact that the pathogenesis of aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy is still unclear, we sought to determine whether nitric oxide is involved in the underlying mechanism of AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). What is the main finding and its importance? Using a model of progressive tubulointerstitial nephritis, in which AA nephropathy exhibits two interconnected phases, an acute phase and a chronic phase of injury, we demonstrated that maintenance of nitric oxide bioavailability is essential to improve the outcome of AA-induced AKI. Aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy (AAN), a progressive tubulointerstitial injury of toxic origin, is characterized by early and transient acute tubular necrosis. This process has been demonstrated to be associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) production, which can disrupt the regulation of renal function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that l-arginine (l-Arg) supplementation could restore renal function and reduce renal injury after AA intoxication. C57BL/6 J male mice were randomly subjected to daily i.p. injection of either sterile saline solution or AA (2.5 mg kg(-1) ) for 4 days. To determine whether AA-induced renal injuries were linked to reduced NO production, l-Arg, a substrate for NO synthase, was supplemented (5%) in drinking water. Mice intoxicated with AA exhibited features of rapid-onset acute kidney injury, including polyuria, significantly increased plasma creatinine concentrations, proteinuria and fractional excretion of sodium (P < 0.05), along with severe proximal tubular cell injury and increased NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2)-derived oxidative stress (P < 0.05). This was associated with a significant reduction in NO bioavailability. l-Arg supplementation in AA-treated mice significantly increased NO bioavailability, which in turn improved renal function (creatininaemia, polyuria, proteinuria, fractional excreted sodium and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase enzymuria) and renal structure (tubular necrosis and tubular cell apoptosis). These changes were associated with significant reductions in Nox2 expression and in production of reactive oxygen species and with an increase in antioxidant concentrations. Our results demonstrate that preservation of NO bioavailability leads to renal protection in AA-induced acute kidney injury by reducing oxidative stress and maintaining renal function.

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DO - 10.1113/EP085333

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