Prise en charge psychologique et cognitive au cours de l’accompagnement de fin de vie de patients atteints de sclérose latérale amyotrophique. Une revue systématique

A. Thibaut, C. Beaudart, M. Quinet, O. Bouquiaux, S. Delstanche, I. Lievens, D. Grosjean, I. Ortmans, J. F. Kaux, C. Halleux

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs

Résumé

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable disease characterized by muscle atrophy leading to complete paralysis. Once diagnosed, the average life expectancy is three to five years. In this context, palliative and end-of-life care are essential, as well as the development of cognitive and/or psychological therapies to improve the quality of life of patients. In this context, we conducted a review of the pertinent literature about psychological and cognitive interventions in end-of-life support for ALS patients. We identified 504 references out of which only four studies met our inclusion criteria. Two studies focused on dignity therapy, one study on the delay between the diagnosis and the start of psychological care in a specialized centre, and one case-report on psychological therapy combined with a computer-assisted communication system. The results of these studies, although very limited, suggest that psychological interventions may improve the management and quality of life of end-of-life ALS patients. Further studies should investigate the impact of psychological support adapted to ALS, using, for example, computer-assisted communication allowing to implement these interventions in a larger number of patients and over the long term.

Titre traduit de la contributionPsychological and cognitive interventions in end-of-life support of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A review
langue originaleFrançais
Pages (de - à)104-109
Nombre de pages6
journalRevue Medicale de Liege
Volume77
Numéro de publication2
Etat de la publicationPublié - 1 févr. 2022
Modification externeOui

mots-clés

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • End
  • life
  • of
  • Psychology
  • End-of-life

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