Pratiques phytosanitaires et niveau d'exposition aux pesticides des producteurs de coton du nord du Bénin

Abdoul Ibrachi Gouda, Ibrahim Imorou Toko, Sharaf Dine Salami, Maïté Richert, Marie Louise Scippo, Patrick Kestemont, Bruno Schiffers

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

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Résumé

In Benin, terrestrial ecosystems are polluted by a widespread presence of pesticide residues released by an intensive use of plant protection products in agriculture, mainly those sprayed on cotton crops. In order to assess the exposure of producers to pesticides and predict the potential impact on human health, field observation of local practices coupled with semi-structured surveys were conducted among 150 cotton growers in Gogounou, Kandi and Banikoara in Northern Benin, the main cotton production area of the country. Seventy-five percent of producers never received an education nor instructions of use, while only 5% have been trained in the safe use of pesticides on cotton crops. Among pesticides used by farmers, only 19% belong to the approved list of plant protection products in Benin. The most frequently used active substances are insecticides such as acetamiprid, lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorpyrifos-ethyl, emamectin benzoate, profenofos or cypermethrin. All are known to be more or less toxic and may have detrimental effects on health after exposure. Seventy-five percent of producers use higher amounts of insecticides than recommended on the labels and 80% do not wear personal protective equipment during mixing, loading and spraying. Empty pesticide containers are often left in cotton fields (73% of observations) or sometimes used for domestic purposes (25% of observations). Field observations were translated into reliable scenarios to estimate the exposure levels of producers, using the UK-POEM predictive model. Total exposures without personal protective equipment vary from 0.099 to 0.546 mg/kg body weight/day. Exposure values far exceed the Acceptable Operator Exposure Levels, indicating a potential risk.

langue originaleFrançais
Numéro d'article65002
Nombre de pages9
journalCahiers Agricultures
Volume27
Numéro de publication6
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 1 nov. 2018

Empreinte digitale

Benin
plant protection
cotton
pesticides
pesticide
insecticides
insecticide
profenofos
acetamiprid
lambda-cyhalothrin
cypermethrin
chlorpyrifos
benzoates
pesticide residues
crops
crop
pesticide residue
spraying
human health
containers

mots-clés

  • Benin
  • Cotton
  • Pesticide
  • Risk assessment
  • UK-POEM

Citer ceci

Gouda, Abdoul Ibrachi ; Imorou Toko, Ibrahim ; Salami, Sharaf Dine ; Richert, Maïté ; Scippo, Marie Louise ; Kestemont, Patrick ; Schiffers, Bruno. / Pratiques phytosanitaires et niveau d'exposition aux pesticides des producteurs de coton du nord du Bénin. Dans: Cahiers Agricultures. 2018 ; Vol 27, Numéro 6.
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abstract = "In Benin, terrestrial ecosystems are polluted by a widespread presence of pesticide residues released by an intensive use of plant protection products in agriculture, mainly those sprayed on cotton crops. In order to assess the exposure of producers to pesticides and predict the potential impact on human health, field observation of local practices coupled with semi-structured surveys were conducted among 150 cotton growers in Gogounou, Kandi and Banikoara in Northern Benin, the main cotton production area of the country. Seventy-five percent of producers never received an education nor instructions of use, while only 5{\%} have been trained in the safe use of pesticides on cotton crops. Among pesticides used by farmers, only 19{\%} belong to the approved list of plant protection products in Benin. The most frequently used active substances are insecticides such as acetamiprid, lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorpyrifos-ethyl, emamectin benzoate, profenofos or cypermethrin. All are known to be more or less toxic and may have detrimental effects on health after exposure. Seventy-five percent of producers use higher amounts of insecticides than recommended on the labels and 80{\%} do not wear personal protective equipment during mixing, loading and spraying. Empty pesticide containers are often left in cotton fields (73{\%} of observations) or sometimes used for domestic purposes (25{\%} of observations). Field observations were translated into reliable scenarios to estimate the exposure levels of producers, using the UK-POEM predictive model. Total exposures without personal protective equipment vary from 0.099 to 0.546 mg/kg body weight/day. Exposure values far exceed the Acceptable Operator Exposure Levels, indicating a potential risk.",
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Pratiques phytosanitaires et niveau d'exposition aux pesticides des producteurs de coton du nord du Bénin. / Gouda, Abdoul Ibrachi; Imorou Toko, Ibrahim; Salami, Sharaf Dine; Richert, Maïté; Scippo, Marie Louise; Kestemont, Patrick; Schiffers, Bruno.

Dans: Cahiers Agricultures, Vol 27, Numéro 6, 65002, 01.11.2018.

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

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AU - Gouda, Abdoul Ibrachi

AU - Imorou Toko, Ibrahim

AU - Salami, Sharaf Dine

AU - Richert, Maïté

AU - Scippo, Marie Louise

AU - Kestemont, Patrick

AU - Schiffers, Bruno

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N2 - In Benin, terrestrial ecosystems are polluted by a widespread presence of pesticide residues released by an intensive use of plant protection products in agriculture, mainly those sprayed on cotton crops. In order to assess the exposure of producers to pesticides and predict the potential impact on human health, field observation of local practices coupled with semi-structured surveys were conducted among 150 cotton growers in Gogounou, Kandi and Banikoara in Northern Benin, the main cotton production area of the country. Seventy-five percent of producers never received an education nor instructions of use, while only 5% have been trained in the safe use of pesticides on cotton crops. Among pesticides used by farmers, only 19% belong to the approved list of plant protection products in Benin. The most frequently used active substances are insecticides such as acetamiprid, lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorpyrifos-ethyl, emamectin benzoate, profenofos or cypermethrin. All are known to be more or less toxic and may have detrimental effects on health after exposure. Seventy-five percent of producers use higher amounts of insecticides than recommended on the labels and 80% do not wear personal protective equipment during mixing, loading and spraying. Empty pesticide containers are often left in cotton fields (73% of observations) or sometimes used for domestic purposes (25% of observations). Field observations were translated into reliable scenarios to estimate the exposure levels of producers, using the UK-POEM predictive model. Total exposures without personal protective equipment vary from 0.099 to 0.546 mg/kg body weight/day. Exposure values far exceed the Acceptable Operator Exposure Levels, indicating a potential risk.

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KW - Pesticide

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