miRNA-196b inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells by targeting IGF2BP1

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Résumé

Background: Tumor hypoxia is one of the features of tumor microenvironment that contributes to chemoresistance. miRNAs have recently been shown to play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. Moreover, hypoxia also regulates the expression of a series of miRNAs. However, the interaction between chemoresistance, hypoxia and miRNAs has not been explored yet. The aim of this study is to understand the mechanisms activated/inhibited by miRNAs under hypoxia that induce resistance to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Methods: TaqMan low-density array was used to identify changes in miRNA expression when cells were exposed to etoposide under hypoxia or normoxia. The effects of miR-196b overexpression on apoptosis and cell proliferation were studied in HepG2 cells. miR-196b target mRNAs were identified by proteomic analysis, luciferase activity assay, RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. Results: Results showed that hypoxia down-regulated miR-196b expression that was induced by etoposide. miR-196b overexpression increased the etoposide-induced apoptosis and reversed the protection of cell death observed under hypoxia. By a proteomic approach combined with bioinformatics analyses, we identified IGF2BP1 as a potential target of miR-196b. Indeed, miR-196b overexpression decreased IGF2BP1 RNA expression and protein level. The IGF2BP1 down-regulation by either miR-196b or IGF2BP1 siRNA led to an increase in apoptosis and a decrease in cell viability and proliferation in normal culture conditions. However, IGF2BP1 silencing did not modify the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia, probably because it is not the only target of miR-196b involved in the regulation of apoptosis. Conclusions: In conclusion, for the first time, we identified IGF2BP1 as a direct and functional target of miR-196b and showed that miR-196b overexpression reverses the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia. These results emphasize that the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia is a complex mechanism.

langueAnglais
Numéro d'article79
journalMolecular Cancer
Volume14
Numéro1
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 2015

Empreinte digitale

Hep G2 Cells
MicroRNAs
Cell Proliferation
Apoptosis
Etoposide
Proteomics
Hypoxia
Tumor Microenvironment
Computational Biology
Luciferases
Drug Resistance
Small Interfering RNA
Cell Survival
Carcinogenesis
Cell Death
Down-Regulation
Western Blotting
RNA
Drug Therapy
Messenger RNA

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    @article{ddf64bb5363c4fefa650f0e7ed028016,
    title = "miRNA-196b inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells by targeting IGF2BP1",
    abstract = "Background: Tumor hypoxia is one of the features of tumor microenvironment that contributes to chemoresistance. miRNAs have recently been shown to play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. Moreover, hypoxia also regulates the expression of a series of miRNAs. However, the interaction between chemoresistance, hypoxia and miRNAs has not been explored yet. The aim of this study is to understand the mechanisms activated/inhibited by miRNAs under hypoxia that induce resistance to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Methods: TaqMan low-density array was used to identify changes in miRNA expression when cells were exposed to etoposide under hypoxia or normoxia. The effects of miR-196b overexpression on apoptosis and cell proliferation were studied in HepG2 cells. miR-196b target mRNAs were identified by proteomic analysis, luciferase activity assay, RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. Results: Results showed that hypoxia down-regulated miR-196b expression that was induced by etoposide. miR-196b overexpression increased the etoposide-induced apoptosis and reversed the protection of cell death observed under hypoxia. By a proteomic approach combined with bioinformatics analyses, we identified IGF2BP1 as a potential target of miR-196b. Indeed, miR-196b overexpression decreased IGF2BP1 RNA expression and protein level. The IGF2BP1 down-regulation by either miR-196b or IGF2BP1 siRNA led to an increase in apoptosis and a decrease in cell viability and proliferation in normal culture conditions. However, IGF2BP1 silencing did not modify the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia, probably because it is not the only target of miR-196b involved in the regulation of apoptosis. Conclusions: In conclusion, for the first time, we identified IGF2BP1 as a direct and functional target of miR-196b and showed that miR-196b overexpression reverses the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia. These results emphasize that the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia is a complex mechanism.",
    keywords = "Apoptosis, Chemoresistance, Hypoxia, IGF2BP1, miR-196b",
    author = "Magali Rebucci and Audrey Sermeus and Elodie Leonard and Edouard Delaive and Marc Dieu and Maude Fransolet and Thierry Arnould and Carine Michiels",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.1186/s12943-015-0349-6",
    language = "English",
    volume = "14",
    journal = "Molecular Cancer",
    issn = "1476-4598",
    publisher = "BioMed Central",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - miRNA-196b inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells by targeting IGF2BP1

    AU - Rebucci,Magali

    AU - Sermeus,Audrey

    AU - Leonard,Elodie

    AU - Delaive,Edouard

    AU - Dieu,Marc

    AU - Fransolet,Maude

    AU - Arnould,Thierry

    AU - Michiels,Carine

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - Background: Tumor hypoxia is one of the features of tumor microenvironment that contributes to chemoresistance. miRNAs have recently been shown to play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. Moreover, hypoxia also regulates the expression of a series of miRNAs. However, the interaction between chemoresistance, hypoxia and miRNAs has not been explored yet. The aim of this study is to understand the mechanisms activated/inhibited by miRNAs under hypoxia that induce resistance to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Methods: TaqMan low-density array was used to identify changes in miRNA expression when cells were exposed to etoposide under hypoxia or normoxia. The effects of miR-196b overexpression on apoptosis and cell proliferation were studied in HepG2 cells. miR-196b target mRNAs were identified by proteomic analysis, luciferase activity assay, RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. Results: Results showed that hypoxia down-regulated miR-196b expression that was induced by etoposide. miR-196b overexpression increased the etoposide-induced apoptosis and reversed the protection of cell death observed under hypoxia. By a proteomic approach combined with bioinformatics analyses, we identified IGF2BP1 as a potential target of miR-196b. Indeed, miR-196b overexpression decreased IGF2BP1 RNA expression and protein level. The IGF2BP1 down-regulation by either miR-196b or IGF2BP1 siRNA led to an increase in apoptosis and a decrease in cell viability and proliferation in normal culture conditions. However, IGF2BP1 silencing did not modify the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia, probably because it is not the only target of miR-196b involved in the regulation of apoptosis. Conclusions: In conclusion, for the first time, we identified IGF2BP1 as a direct and functional target of miR-196b and showed that miR-196b overexpression reverses the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia. These results emphasize that the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia is a complex mechanism.

    AB - Background: Tumor hypoxia is one of the features of tumor microenvironment that contributes to chemoresistance. miRNAs have recently been shown to play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. Moreover, hypoxia also regulates the expression of a series of miRNAs. However, the interaction between chemoresistance, hypoxia and miRNAs has not been explored yet. The aim of this study is to understand the mechanisms activated/inhibited by miRNAs under hypoxia that induce resistance to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Methods: TaqMan low-density array was used to identify changes in miRNA expression when cells were exposed to etoposide under hypoxia or normoxia. The effects of miR-196b overexpression on apoptosis and cell proliferation were studied in HepG2 cells. miR-196b target mRNAs were identified by proteomic analysis, luciferase activity assay, RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. Results: Results showed that hypoxia down-regulated miR-196b expression that was induced by etoposide. miR-196b overexpression increased the etoposide-induced apoptosis and reversed the protection of cell death observed under hypoxia. By a proteomic approach combined with bioinformatics analyses, we identified IGF2BP1 as a potential target of miR-196b. Indeed, miR-196b overexpression decreased IGF2BP1 RNA expression and protein level. The IGF2BP1 down-regulation by either miR-196b or IGF2BP1 siRNA led to an increase in apoptosis and a decrease in cell viability and proliferation in normal culture conditions. However, IGF2BP1 silencing did not modify the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia, probably because it is not the only target of miR-196b involved in the regulation of apoptosis. Conclusions: In conclusion, for the first time, we identified IGF2BP1 as a direct and functional target of miR-196b and showed that miR-196b overexpression reverses the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia. These results emphasize that the chemoresistance induced by hypoxia is a complex mechanism.

    KW - Apoptosis

    KW - Chemoresistance

    KW - Hypoxia

    KW - IGF2BP1

    KW - miR-196b

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84928158434&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1186/s12943-015-0349-6

    DO - 10.1186/s12943-015-0349-6

    M3 - Article

    VL - 14

    JO - Molecular Cancer

    T2 - Molecular Cancer

    JF - Molecular Cancer

    SN - 1476-4598

    IS - 1

    M1 - 79

    ER -