Loss of Ephaptic Contacts in the Murine Thalamus during Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome

Jacques Gilloteaux, Kathleen De Swert, Valérie Suain, Jean Pierre Brion, Charles Nicaise

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs


Background and aim: A murine model mimicking osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) revealed with histology in the relay posterolateral (VPL) and ventral posteromedial (VPM) thalamic nuclei adjoined nerve cell bodies in chronic hyponatremia, amongst the damaged 12 h and 48 h after reinstatement of osmolality. This report aims to verify and complement with ultrastructure other neurophysiology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular biochemistry data to assess the connexin-36 protein, as part of those hinted close contacts. This ODS investigation included four groups of mice: Sham (NN; n = 13), hyponatremic (HN; n = 11), those sacrificed 12 h after a fast restoration of normal natremia (ODS12h; n = 6) and mice sacrificed 48 h afterward, or ODS48 h (n = 9). Out of these, thalamic zones samples included NN (n = 2), HN (n = 2), ODS12h (n = 3) and ODS48h (n = 3). Results: Ultrastructure illustrated junctions between nerve cell bodies that were immunolabeled with connexin36 (Cx36) with light microscopy and Western blots. These cell’s junctions were reminiscent of low resistance junctions characterized in other regions of the CNS with electrophysiology. Contiguous neurons showed neurolemma contacts in intact and damaged tissues according to their location in the ODS zones, at 12 h and 48 h post correction along with other demyelinating alterations. Neurons and ephaptic contact measurements indicated the highest alterations, including nerve cell necrosis in the ODS epicenter and damages decreased toward the outskirts of the demyelinated zone. Conclusion: Ephapses contained C × 36between intact or ODS injured neurons in the thalamus appeared to be resilient beyond the core degraded tissue injuries. These could maintain intercellular ionic and metabolite exchanges between these lesser injured regions and, thus, would partake to some brain plasticity repairs.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)398-423
Nombre de pages26
journalUltrastructural Pathology
Numéro de publication5
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 2023

Empreinte digitale

Examiner les sujets de recherche de « Loss of Ephaptic Contacts in the Murine Thalamus during Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome ». Ensemble, ils forment une empreinte digitale unique.

Contient cette citation