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OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term humoral immunity induced by booster administration, as well as the ability of binding antibody and surrogate virus neutralization tests (sVNT) to predict neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant.
METHODS: A total of 269 sera samples were analyzed from 64 healthcare workers who had received a homologous booster dose of BNT162b2. Neutralizing antibodies assessed by sVNT and anti-RBD IgG measured with the sCOVG assay (Siemens Healthineers ®) were analyzed at five timepoints; before and up to 6 months following the booster. Antibody titers were correlated with neutralizing antibodies against the Omicron BA.1 variant obtained by pseudovirus neutralization test (pVNT) as a reference method.
RESULTS: While Wild-type sVNT percentage of inhibition (POI) remained above 98.6% throughout the follow-up period after booster administration, anti-RBD IgG and NAbs assessed by Omicron BA.1 pVNT showed respectively a 3.4-fold and 13.3-fold decrease after 6 months compared to the peak reached at day 14. NAbs assessed by Omicron sVNT followed a steady decline until reaching a POI of 53.4%. Anti-RBD IgG and Omicron sVNT assays were strongly correlated (r=0.90) and performed similarly to predict the presence of neutralizing antibodies with Omicron pVNT (area under the ROC: 0.82 for both assays). In addition, new adapted cut-off values of anti-RBD IgG (>1,276 BAU/mL) and Omicron sVNT (POI>46.6%) were found to be better predictors of neutralizing activity.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a significant drop in humoral immunity 6 months after booster administration. Anti-RBD IgG and Omicron sVNT assays were highly correlated and could predict neutralizing activity with moderate performance.
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Douxfils, J., Dogne, J., Musuamba Tshinanu, F., MASEREEL, B., Wieërs, G., Haguet, H., RONVAUX, L., Donis, N., Morimont, L., Evrard, J., Siriez, R., Gillot, C., FAVRESSE, J., BOUVY, C., Djokoto, H., Didembourg, M., David, C., Melchionda, S., Maloteau, V., Boucher, A., Devel, P., Modaffari, E., Vandeputte, M., De Messemaeker, A., Decarpentrie, J., Vassart, J. & De Groote, A.
1/04/22 → …
Projet: Axe de recherche
Douxfils, J., Dogne, J., FAVRESSE, J., Tre-Hardy, M., MULLIER, F., Haguet, H., Hardy, M., Melchionda, S., BOUVY, C., Morimont, L., Gillot, C., Djokoto, H., Alpan, L., Devel, P., Modaffari, E. & Maloteau, V.
13/03/20 → …