How do non-governmental organizations influence media coverage of conflict? The case of the Syrian conflict, 2011–2014

Eric Sangar, Christoph Meyer, Eva Michaels

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journalArticle

Résumé

It is often argued that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become increasingly visible in media discourses on armed conflict and thus play a growing role in shaping states’ foreign policies. However, there is little investigation of their influence on specific conflict coverage and what types of NGOs are influential, in what way and under what conditions. The authors elaborate a ‘supply and demand’ model of growing or declining NGO influence to theorize these dynamics and take Syria’s civil war from 2011–2014 as a ‘best case’ for testing it. They conducted an interpretative analysis of NGO output and media coverage to investigate the relative visibility of NGOs in the media over time. Further, they examine how different NGOs were referred to during two highly salient phases of the conflict for debates about foreign policy: the first escalation of protests and their repression in 2011 and the use of chemical weapons in 2013. They find evidence of rising NGO visibility and growing reliance on new types of semi-local NGOs for the provision of factual news about the conflict and human rights violations. Yet, large international NGOs such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch remained the most influential in pushing normative frames and advocating a tough stance on the Assad regime. The article discusses the implications of the findings for the theoretical argument and for broader accounts of NGOs influence.
langueAnglais
Nombre de pages23
journalMedia, War & Conflict
Les DOIs
étatE-pub ahead of print - 2017

Empreinte digitale

coverage
Visibility
foreign policy
Amnesty International
Non-governmental Organizations
chemical weapon
human rights violation
Watches
escalation
Syria
repression
civil war
protest
human rights
news
regime
supply
discourse
demand
Testing

mots-clés

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    abstract = "It is often argued that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become increasingly visible in media discourses on armed conflict and thus play a growing role in shaping states’ foreign policies. However, there is little investigation of their influence on specific conflict coverage and what types of NGOs are influential, in what way and under what conditions. The authors elaborate a ‘supply and demand’ model of growing or declining NGO influence to theorize these dynamics and take Syria’s civil war from 2011–2014 as a ‘best case’ for testing it. They conducted an interpretative analysis of NGO output and media coverage to investigate the relative visibility of NGOs in the media over time. Further, they examine how different NGOs were referred to during two highly salient phases of the conflict for debates about foreign policy: the first escalation of protests and their repression in 2011 and the use of chemical weapons in 2013. They find evidence of rising NGO visibility and growing reliance on new types of semi-local NGOs for the provision of factual news about the conflict and human rights violations. Yet, large international NGOs such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch remained the most influential in pushing normative frames and advocating a tough stance on the Assad regime. The article discusses the implications of the findings for the theoretical argument and for broader accounts of NGOs influence.",
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    How do non-governmental organizations influence media coverage of conflict? The case of the Syrian conflict, 2011–2014. / Sangar, Eric; Meyer, Christoph; Michaels, Eva.

    Dans: Media, War & Conflict, 2017.

    Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journalArticle

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