Hierarchically porous materials: Synthesis strategies and structure design

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle de revue

Résumé

Owing to their immense potential in energy conversion and storage, catalysis, photocatalysis, adsorption, separation and life science applications, significant interest has been devoted to the design and synthesis of hierarchically porous materials. The hierarchy of materials on porosity, structural, morphological, and component levels is key for high performance in all kinds of applications. Synthesis and applications of hierarchically structured porous materials have become a rapidly evolving field of current interest. A large series of synthesis methods have been developed. This review addresses recent advances made in studies of this topic. After identifying the advantages and problems of natural hierarchically porous materials, synthetic hierarchically porous materials are presented. The synthesis strategies used to prepare hierarchically porous materials are first introduced and the features of synthesis and the resulting structures are presented using a series of examples. These involve templating methods (surfactant templating, nanocasting, macroporous polymer templating, colloidal crystal templating and bioinspired process, i.e. biotemplating), conventional techniques (supercritical fluids, emulsion, freeze-drying, breath figures, selective leaching, phase separation, zeolitization process, and replication) and basic methods (sol-gel controlling and post-treatment), as well as self-formation phenomenon of porous hierarchy. A series of detailed examples are given to show methods for the synthesis of hierarchically porous structures with various chemical compositions (dual porosities: micro-micropores, micro-mesopores, micro-macropores, meso-mesopores, meso-macropores, multiple porosities: micro-meso-macropores and meso-meso-macropores). We hope that this review will be helpful for those entering the field and also for those in the field who want quick access to helpful reference information about the synthesis of new hierarchically porous materials and methods to control their structure and morphology.

langueAnglais
Pages481-558
Nombre de pages78
journalChemical Society Reviews
Volume46
Numéro2
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 21 janv. 2017

Empreinte digitale

Porous materials
Porosity
Supercritical fluids
Photocatalysis
Emulsions
Energy conversion
Surface-Active Agents
Phase separation
Energy storage
Sol-gel process
Catalysis
Leaching
Drying
Polymers
Adsorption
Crystals
Chemical analysis

Citer ceci

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abstract = "Owing to their immense potential in energy conversion and storage, catalysis, photocatalysis, adsorption, separation and life science applications, significant interest has been devoted to the design and synthesis of hierarchically porous materials. The hierarchy of materials on porosity, structural, morphological, and component levels is key for high performance in all kinds of applications. Synthesis and applications of hierarchically structured porous materials have become a rapidly evolving field of current interest. A large series of synthesis methods have been developed. This review addresses recent advances made in studies of this topic. After identifying the advantages and problems of natural hierarchically porous materials, synthetic hierarchically porous materials are presented. The synthesis strategies used to prepare hierarchically porous materials are first introduced and the features of synthesis and the resulting structures are presented using a series of examples. These involve templating methods (surfactant templating, nanocasting, macroporous polymer templating, colloidal crystal templating and bioinspired process, i.e. biotemplating), conventional techniques (supercritical fluids, emulsion, freeze-drying, breath figures, selective leaching, phase separation, zeolitization process, and replication) and basic methods (sol-gel controlling and post-treatment), as well as self-formation phenomenon of porous hierarchy. A series of detailed examples are given to show methods for the synthesis of hierarchically porous structures with various chemical compositions (dual porosities: micro-micropores, micro-mesopores, micro-macropores, meso-mesopores, meso-macropores, multiple porosities: micro-meso-macropores and meso-meso-macropores). We hope that this review will be helpful for those entering the field and also for those in the field who want quick access to helpful reference information about the synthesis of new hierarchically porous materials and methods to control their structure and morphology.",
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Hierarchically porous materials : Synthesis strategies and structure design. / Yang, Xiao Yu; Chen, Li Hua; Li, Yu; Rooke, Joanna Claire; Sanchez, Clément; Su, Bao Lian.

Dans: Chemical Society Reviews, Vol 46, Numéro 2, 21.01.2017, p. 481-558.

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle de revue

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T2 - Chemical Society Reviews

AU - Yang, Xiao Yu

AU - Chen, Li Hua

AU - Li, Yu

AU - Rooke, Joanna Claire

AU - Sanchez, Clément

AU - Su, Bao Lian

PY - 2017/1/21

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