After intraperitoneal injection of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) (125 μg kg−1 body wt.), the concentration of MC-LR in the liver of juvenile goldfish Carassius auratus (30 g body wt.) was assayed by a modified protein phosphatase inhibition method. A temporary accumulation occurred from 3 to 48 h post-injection, followed by a significant decrease between 48 and 96 h. Under our experimental conditions, contamination by MC-LR did not change ionic homeostasis, as attested by blood osmolality values and gill Na+/K+ ATPase activity. Light microscopy observations revealed lesions and cellular necrosis progression, which was concomitant with an increase in enzyme activity of plasma aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT), alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT) and l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and with a decrease of hepatic glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity. Structural alterations and enzymatic activity modifications became significant within 24 h post-injection. Recovery of hepatocytes on day 21 after MC-LR injection was evident, together with a decrease in the MC-LR equivalent content of the liver.
|Pages (de - à)||39-48|
|Nombre de pages||10|
|journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology|
|Numéro de publication||1|
|Etat de la publication||Publié - 2003|