Growth mode and electronic structure of the epitaxial C60(111)GeS(001) interface

Georg Gensterblum, Kadosa Hevesi, Bo-Ying Han, Jean-Jacques Pireaux, Paul Thiry, Roland Caudano, Amand Lucas, Dirk BERNAERTS, Severin AMELINCKX, Gustaaf VAN TENDELOO, G. BENDELE, Thomas BUSLAPS, Robert L. JOHNSON, M. FOSS, Robert FEIDENHANS'L, Guy LE LAY

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The heteroepitaxial growth of C60 on GeS(001) has been studied using low-energy electron diffraction, selected-area electron diffraction, high-resolution electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray and ultraviolet-photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). The simultaneous observation of diffraction spots characteristic of the substrate and the C60(111) overlayer allows us to specify the geometry of the epitaxy. The shape of the intensity curves of the C 1s and Ge 3d photoemission lines strongly suggests a layer-by-layer-type growth, confirmed by the observation in the synchrotron x-ray diffraction spectrum of finite-size oscillations on the (111) Bragg reflection peak of a thin C60(111) film. From a theoretical simulation of the C 1s and Ge 3d line-intensity curves, the mean free path of a C 1s and Ge 3d photoelectron in solid C60 is estimated to about 15.4 and 17 Å, respectively. The plot of the film thickness versus deposition time shows evidence for a small difference in sticking coefficient between the first monolayer and the upper ones. A detailed analysis of the C 1s line shapes for normal and grazing emission suggests the existence of inequivalent carbon sites at the interface. The first valence-band feature of the substrate presents a downward band bending of about 200 meV with increasing C60 coverage. From the shift of the cutoff in the UPS spectra we deduce a work function increase of about 100 meV upon monolayer adsorption. The characteristic spectral features of C60 observed in the UPS spectra for bulk fullerite are slightly broadened and shifted to lower binding energies at submonolayer coverages and show no direct evidence for significant hybridization, indicating that the C60-substrate interaction is mainly dominated by van der Waals bonding. All these observations can be explained by a positive effective dipole of about 8×10−31 C m induced on the C60 molecule upon adsorption onto the GeS substrate.
langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)11981-11995
Nombre de pages15
journalPhysical review. B, Condensed matter
Numéro de publication16
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 1994

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