Experimental and theoretical investigation of the Raman and hyper-Raman spectra of acetonitrile and its derivatives

Olivier Quinet, Benoît Champagne, Vincent Rodriguez

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs


The Raman and hyper-Raman spectra of acetonitrile and its deuterated analog have been investigated by combining experimental analysis and theoretical interpretation. It has been observed that the Raman spectra can easily be reproduced at both the Hartree-Fock and Møller-Plesser second-order levels of approximation and that for these fundamental transitions, inclusion of anharmonicity effects is not essential. On the other hand, the hyper-Raman spectra are more difficult to simulate and interpret. In particular, electron correlation has to be included in order to describe properly the intensity of the CN stretching mode. Then, a pseudo-C∞ν symmetry was assumed to better fit the experimental observations. This accounts for the fact that the a1- and e-symmetry modes correspond to time-decoupled vibrations. The e-symmetry modes, associated with nuclear motions perpendicular to the molecular axis are indeed subject to relaxation processes and, except the CCN bending mode, not visible in the hyper-Raman spectra of acetonitrile or of its deuterated analog. This assumption is supported by the gradual decrease of the phenomenon when going from acetonitrile to trichloroacetonitrile, where the presence of the heavier chlorine atoms in the latter reduces the relaxation processes.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article244312
journalThe journal of chemical physics
Numéro de publication24
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 10 juil. 2006

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