Enhancing action of positive allosteric modulators through the design of dimeric compounds

Thomas Drapier, Pierre Geubelle, Charlotte Bouckaert, Lise Nielsen, Saara Laulumaa, Eric Goffin, Sébastien Dilly, Pierre Francotte, Julien Hanson, Lionel Pochet, Jette Sandholm Kastrup, Bernard Pirotte

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs

Résumé

The present study describes the identification of highly potent dimeric 1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide (BTD)-type positive allosteric modulators of the AMPA receptors (AMPApams) obtained by linking two monomeric BTD scaffolds through their respective 6-positions. Using previous X-ray data from monomeric BTDs cocrystallized with the GluA2 ligand-binding domain (LBD), a molecular modeling approach was performed to predict the preferred dimeric combinations. Two 6,6-ethylene-linked dimeric BTD compounds (16 and 22) were prepared and evaluated as AMPApams on HEK293 cells expressing GluA2 o(Q) (calcium flux experiment). These compounds were found to be about 10,000 times more potent than their respective monomers, the most active dimeric compound being the bis-4-cyclopropyl-substituted compound 22 [6,6′-(ethane-1,2-diyl)bis(4-cyclopropyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide], with an EC 50 value of 1.4 nM. As a proof of concept, the bis-4-methyl-substituted dimeric compound 16 (EC 50 = 13 nM) was successfully cocrystallized with the GluA2 o-LBD and was found to occupy the two BTD binding sites at the LBD dimer interface.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)5279-5291
Nombre de pages13
journalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume61
Numéro de publication12
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 28 juin 2018

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