Endoplasmic reticulum calcium release through ITPR2 channels leads to mitochondrial calcium accumulation and senescence

Clotilde Wiel, Hélène Lallet-Daher, Delphine Gitenay, Baptiste Gras, Benjamin Le Calvé, Arnaud Augert, Mylène Ferrand, Natalia Prevarskaya, Hélène Simonnet, David Vindrieux, David Bernard

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Résumé

Senescence is involved in various pathophysiological conditions. Besides loss of retinoblastoma and p53 pathways, little is known about other pathways involved in senescence. Here we identify two calcium channels; inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor, type 2 (ITPR2) (also known as inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor 2 (IP3R2)) and mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) as new senescence regulators in a loss-of-function genetic screen. We show that loss of ITPR2, known to mediate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium release, as well as loss of MCU, necessary for mitochondrial calcium uptake, enable escape from oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). During OIS, ITPR2 triggers calcium release from the ER, followed by mitochondrial calcium accumulation through MCU channels. Mitochondrial calcium accumulation leads to a subsequent decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species accumulation and senescence. This ER-mitochondria calcium transport is not restricted to OIS, but is also involved in replicative senescence. Our results show a functional role of calcium release by the ITPR2 channel and its subsequent accumulation in the mitochondria.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article3792
journalNature Communications
Volume5
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 6 mai 2014

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