Endolysosomal transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D in a sucrose model of lysosomal storage

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

Résumé

Newly-synthesized soluble lysosomal enzymes are transported from the trans-Golgi network to lysosomes by a mannose 6-phosphate receptor-mediated pathway. Lysosomal storage of indigestible material has been reported to perturb the biosynthesis and the fate of lysosomal hydrolases. In this study, we have focused our attention on the last steps in the transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D to lysosomes in sucrose-treated WI-38 fibroblasts. Pulse-chase experiments indicate that, in sucrose-treated cells, cathepsin D maturation is delayed by 2 to 4 h. By subcellular fractionation, we show that newly-synthesized cathepsin D precursors transit through organelles endowed with a high sedimentation coefficient. These organelles are recovered in the dense region of a self-forming Percoll density gradient while the bulk of hydrolytic activities is redistributed to the low density region. Only later, are the precursors delivered to organelles containing the bulk of active hydrolases. There, procathepsin D is proteolytically processed into its 31 kDa-mature form. Our results suggest that when sucrose is present, the delayed maturation of procathepsin D is related to the delivery of the polypeptides into an organelle behaving in centrifugation like lysosomes but which is poorly efficient in proteolytic processing of procathepsin D. This low proteolytic activity of this organelle could be due to its poor ability to interact with hydrolase-containing structures.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)284-295
Nombre de pages12
journalExperimental Cell Research
Volume309
Numéro de publication2
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 1 oct. 2005

Empreinte digitale

Cathepsin D
Organelles
Sucrose
Hydrolases
Lysosomes
IGF Type 2 Receptor
trans-Golgi Network
Centrifugation
Fibroblasts
Peptides
Enzymes
procathepsin D

Citer ceci

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title = "Endolysosomal transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D in a sucrose model of lysosomal storage",
abstract = "Newly-synthesized soluble lysosomal enzymes are transported from the trans-Golgi network to lysosomes by a mannose 6-phosphate receptor-mediated pathway. Lysosomal storage of indigestible material has been reported to perturb the biosynthesis and the fate of lysosomal hydrolases. In this study, we have focused our attention on the last steps in the transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D to lysosomes in sucrose-treated WI-38 fibroblasts. Pulse-chase experiments indicate that, in sucrose-treated cells, cathepsin D maturation is delayed by 2 to 4 h. By subcellular fractionation, we show that newly-synthesized cathepsin D precursors transit through organelles endowed with a high sedimentation coefficient. These organelles are recovered in the dense region of a self-forming Percoll density gradient while the bulk of hydrolytic activities is redistributed to the low density region. Only later, are the precursors delivered to organelles containing the bulk of active hydrolases. There, procathepsin D is proteolytically processed into its 31 kDa-mature form. Our results suggest that when sucrose is present, the delayed maturation of procathepsin D is related to the delivery of the polypeptides into an organelle behaving in centrifugation like lysosomes but which is poorly efficient in proteolytic processing of procathepsin D. This low proteolytic activity of this organelle could be due to its poor ability to interact with hydrolase-containing structures.",
keywords = "Acid hydrolases, Cathepsin D, Intracellular trafficking, Lysosomal storage, Lysosomes, Sucrosomes",
author = "Isabelle Hamer and Michel Jadot",
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Endolysosomal transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D in a sucrose model of lysosomal storage. / Hamer, Isabelle; Jadot, Michel.

Dans: Experimental Cell Research, Vol 309, Numéro 2, 01.10.2005, p. 284-295.

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Endolysosomal transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D in a sucrose model of lysosomal storage

AU - Hamer, Isabelle

AU - Jadot, Michel

PY - 2005/10/1

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N2 - Newly-synthesized soluble lysosomal enzymes are transported from the trans-Golgi network to lysosomes by a mannose 6-phosphate receptor-mediated pathway. Lysosomal storage of indigestible material has been reported to perturb the biosynthesis and the fate of lysosomal hydrolases. In this study, we have focused our attention on the last steps in the transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D to lysosomes in sucrose-treated WI-38 fibroblasts. Pulse-chase experiments indicate that, in sucrose-treated cells, cathepsin D maturation is delayed by 2 to 4 h. By subcellular fractionation, we show that newly-synthesized cathepsin D precursors transit through organelles endowed with a high sedimentation coefficient. These organelles are recovered in the dense region of a self-forming Percoll density gradient while the bulk of hydrolytic activities is redistributed to the low density region. Only later, are the precursors delivered to organelles containing the bulk of active hydrolases. There, procathepsin D is proteolytically processed into its 31 kDa-mature form. Our results suggest that when sucrose is present, the delayed maturation of procathepsin D is related to the delivery of the polypeptides into an organelle behaving in centrifugation like lysosomes but which is poorly efficient in proteolytic processing of procathepsin D. This low proteolytic activity of this organelle could be due to its poor ability to interact with hydrolase-containing structures.

AB - Newly-synthesized soluble lysosomal enzymes are transported from the trans-Golgi network to lysosomes by a mannose 6-phosphate receptor-mediated pathway. Lysosomal storage of indigestible material has been reported to perturb the biosynthesis and the fate of lysosomal hydrolases. In this study, we have focused our attention on the last steps in the transport of newly-synthesized cathepsin D to lysosomes in sucrose-treated WI-38 fibroblasts. Pulse-chase experiments indicate that, in sucrose-treated cells, cathepsin D maturation is delayed by 2 to 4 h. By subcellular fractionation, we show that newly-synthesized cathepsin D precursors transit through organelles endowed with a high sedimentation coefficient. These organelles are recovered in the dense region of a self-forming Percoll density gradient while the bulk of hydrolytic activities is redistributed to the low density region. Only later, are the precursors delivered to organelles containing the bulk of active hydrolases. There, procathepsin D is proteolytically processed into its 31 kDa-mature form. Our results suggest that when sucrose is present, the delayed maturation of procathepsin D is related to the delivery of the polypeptides into an organelle behaving in centrifugation like lysosomes but which is poorly efficient in proteolytic processing of procathepsin D. This low proteolytic activity of this organelle could be due to its poor ability to interact with hydrolase-containing structures.

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