Effect of the lipidic membrane composition on the dynamical properties of the µ opioid receptor

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un événement scientifique (non publié)Poster


Lipid rafts drifting in the membrane as an
island in the ocean. Such structure, rigid and
thick, due to the large amount of cholesterol
(30%) and sphingolipids, remains
controversial because of its difficult
experimental characterization [1]. Lipid rafts
protect the protein of phosphatases present in
the membrane and increase the efficiency of
signaling pathways. The protein/lipid
interactions modulate the protein
conformation, which condition their entry into
lipid rafts.
Opioid receptors, whose structures were revealed in 2012, are part of the G-protein coupled receptor
(GPCRs), target of 50 % of drugs on the market today [2]. The structural and functional properties of
transmembrane proteins are affected by the lipid environment [3]. The hydrophobic mismatch promotes
dimerization by reducing the entropy due to the adaptation of the membrane to protein [4].
Dimerization of μ protein involves different signaling pathways but are still poorly understood, as well
as the presence of dimers in lipid rafts [5].
To understand these processes, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations can provide numerous
clarifications, from very detailed (all-atoms) to lower resolutions (coarse-grained). Ultimately, our goal
is to perform MD simulations with the most realistic lipid composition, the simplest and most
significant in terms of protein/lipid interactions, in order to guide the docking experiments and show
the importance of the interaction of a protein with a lipid towards its structural and functional
[1] Quinn P. J. (2010) A lipid matrix model of membrane raft structure Progress in Lipid Research 49:
[2] Manglik A., Kruse A., Kobilka T., Thian F., Mathiesen J., Sunahara R., Pardo L., Weis W.,
Kobilka B., Granier S. (2012) Crystal structure of the mu-opioid receptor bound to a morphinan
antagonist Nature 485: 321-7
[3] Jastrzebska B., Debinski A., Filipek S., Palczewski K. (2011) Role of membrane integrity on G
protein-coupled receptors: rhodopsin stability and function Progress in Lipid Research 50: 267-77
[4] Soubias O., Niu S.-L., Mitchell D., Gawrisch K. (2008) Lipid-rhodopsin hydrophobic mismatch
alters rhodopsin helical content Journal of American Chemistry Society 130: 12465-71
[5] Borroto-Escuela D., Romero-Fernandez W., Rivera A., Van Craenenbroeck K., Tarakanov A.,
Agnati L., Fuxe K. (2013) On the G-protein-coupled receptor heteromers and their allosteric receptorreceptor
interactions in the central nervous system: focus on their role in pain modulation
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 17: 563716-33
langue originaleAnglais
Etat de la publicationPublié - 4 avr. 2014
EvénementCECAM workshop How proteins can shape and sense membranes--a closer look at hybrid models - Freie Universität Berlin, Institute of Mathematics, Berlin, Allemagne
Durée: 2 avr. 20144 avr. 2014

Une conférence

Une conférenceCECAM workshop How proteins can shape and sense membranes--a closer look at hybrid models
La villeBerlin

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