Effect of robot-assisted gait training on quality of life and depression in neurological impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Meike den Brave, Charlotte Beaudart, Benoit Maertens de Noordhout, Vincent Gillot, Jean Francois Kaux

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Résumé

Objective: Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) is often used as a rehabilitation tool for neurological impairments. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of rehabilitation with robotic devices on quality of life and depression. Data sources: Two electronic databases (MEDLINE and Scopus) were searched for studies from inception up to December 2022. Review methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs were pooled separately for analyses, studying each one’s mental and physical health and depression. Random effect meta-analyses were run using standardized mean difference and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: A total of 853 studies were identified from the literature search. 31 studies (17 RCTs and 14 non-RCTs) including 1151 subjects met the inclusion criteria. 31 studies were selected for the systematic review and 27 studies for the meta-analysis. The outcome measure of mental health significantly improved in favor of the RAGT group in RCTs and non-RCTs (adjusted Hedges’g 0.72, 95% CI: 0.34–1.10, adjusted Hedges g = 0.80, 95% CI 0.21-1.39, respectively). We observed a significant effect of RAGT on physical health in RCTs and non-RCTs (adjusted Hedges’g 0.58, 95% CI 0.28, 0.88, adjusted Hedges g = 0.73, 95% CI 0.12, 1.33). After realizing a sensitivity analysis in RCTs, a positive impact on depression is observed (Hedges’ g of −0.66, 95% CI −1.08 to −0.24). Conclusion: This study suggests that RAGT could improve the quality of life of patients with neurological impairments. A positive impact on depression is also observed in the short term. Further studies are needed to differentiate grounded and overgrounded exoskeletons as well as RCT comparing overground exoskeletons with a control group.

langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)876-890
Nombre de pages15
journalClinical Rehabilitation
Volume37
Numéro de publication7
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - juil. 2023
Modification externeOui

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