Deadly anchor: Gender bias under Russian colonization of Kazakhstan

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

Résumé

We study the impact of a large-scale economic crisis on gender equality, using historical data from Kazakhstan in the late 19th-early 20th century. We focus on sex ratios (number of women per man) in Kazakh population between 1898 and 1908, in the midst of large-scale Russian in-migration into Kazakhstan that caused a sharp exogenous increase in land pressure. The resulting severe economic crisis made the nomadic organization of the Kazakh economy unsustainable and forced most Kazakh households into sedentary agriculture. Using a large novel dataset constructed from Russian colonial expedition materials, we document a low and worsening sex ratio (in particular, among poor households) between 1898 and 1908. The theoretical hypothesis that garners most support is that of excess female mortality in poorer households (especially among adults), driven by gender discrimination under the increasing pressure for scarce food resources.
langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)399-422
Nombre de pages24
journalExplorations in Economic History
Volume49
Numéro de publication4
Les DOIs
étatPublié - 1 oct. 2012

Empreinte digitale

Anchor
Colonization
Kazakhstan
Household
Gender bias
Economic Crisis
Sex Ratio
Sex ratio
Economic crisis
Mortality
Agriculture
Resources
Food
Expedition
Inmigration
Gender Discrimination
Economy
Excess
Colonies
Gender Equality

Citer ceci

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Deadly anchor : Gender bias under Russian colonization of Kazakhstan. / Aldashev, G.; Guirkinger, C.

Dans: Explorations in Economic History, Vol 49, Numéro 4, 01.10.2012, p. 399-422.

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

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