Cycling hypoxia promotes a pro-inflammatory phenotype in macrophages via JNK/p65 signaling pathway

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs

Résumé

Cycling hypoxia (cyH), also called intermittent hypoxia, occurs in solid tumors and affects different cell types in the tumor microenvironment and in particular the tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). As cyH and TAMs both favor tumor progression, we investigated whether cyH could drive the pro-tumoral phenotype of macrophages. Here, the effects of cyH on human THP-1 macrophages and murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM), either unpolarized M0, or polarized in M1 or M2 phenotype were studied. In M0 macrophages, cyH induced a pro-inflammatory phenotype characterized by an increase in TNFα and IL-8/MIP-2 secretion. CyH amplified the pro-inflammatory phenotype of M1 macrophages evidenced by an increased pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion and pro-inflammatory gene expression. Furthermore, cyH increased c-jun activation in human M0 macrophages and highly increased c-jun and NF-κB activation in M1 macrophages. C-jun and p65 are implicated in the effects of cyH on M0 and M1 macrophages since inhibition of their activation prevented the cyH pro-inflammatory effects. In conclusion, we demonstrated that cyH induces or amplifies a pro-inflammatory phenotype in M0 and M1 macrophages by activating JNK/p65 signaling pathway. These results highlight a specific role of cyH in the amplification of tumor-related inflammation by modulating the inflammatory phenotype of macrophages.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article882
Pages (de - à)882
Nombre de pages13
journalScientific Reports
Volume10
Numéro de publication1
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 21 janv. 2020

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