Crossed 2D versus Slipped 1D π-Stacking in Polymorphs of Crystalline Organic Thin Films: Impact on the Electronic and Optical Response

María José Aliaga-Gosalvez, Nicola Demitri, Michael Dohr, Juan Carlos Roldao, Sang Kyu Park, Sangyoon Oh, Shinto Varghese, Soo Young Park, Yoann Olivier, Begoña Milián-Medina, Roland Resel, Johannes Gierschner

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticle

Résumé

Polymorphs of organic semiconductors are of great interest as they shed light to structure-property relationships. The full X-ray thin film structure analysis of two polymorphs (B, G) of an important n-type semiconducting dicyano-distyrylbenzene based small molecule (CN-TFPA) is reported. Drastically different structures of the monotropic phases are revealed, that is an uncommon 2D crossed π-stacked arrangement for the B-phase versus a 1D slipped π-stack for G. Both phases exhibit a layered structure in the (100) plane with high structural integrity, driven by the hydrophobic contacts of the terminal CF3 groups; as (100) coincides with the film surface, this allows for exfoliation by scotch tape. An in-depth time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) based quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) study reveals all subsequent significantly differing optical and electronic responses which result from the different arrangements: the B film shows little excitonic interaction with strong blue fluorescence, amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), and good 2D n-type transport. The G film forms H-aggregates with strong green fluorescence, no ASE, and 1D n-type charge transport. The established structure-property relationships are seen as a crucial step for computer-aided device analysis.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article1900749
journalAdvanced Optical Materials
Volume7
Numéro de publication21
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 1 nov. 2019

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  • Ensembles de données

    CCDC 1905198: Experimental Crystal Structure Determination

    Aliaga‐Gosalvez, M. J. (Créateur), Demitri, N. (Créateur), Dohr, M. (Créateur), Roldao, J. C. (Créateur), Park, S. K. (Créateur), Oh, S. (Créateur), Varghese, S. (Créateur), Park, S. Y. (Créateur), Olivier, Y. (Contributeur), Milián‐Medina, B. (Créateur), Resel, R. (Créateur) & Gierschner, J. (Créateur), University of Namur, 1 nov. 2019

    Ensemble de données

    CCDC 1905199: Experimental Crystal Structure Determination

    Aliaga‐Gosalvez, M. J. (Créateur), Demitri, N. (Créateur), Dohr, M. (Créateur), Roldao, J. C. (Créateur), Park, S. K. (Créateur), Oh, S. (Créateur), Varghese, S. (Créateur), Park, S. Y. (Créateur), Olivier, Y. (Contributeur), Milián‐Medina, B. (Créateur), Resel, R. (Créateur) & Gierschner, J. (Créateur), University of Namur, 1 nov. 2019

    Ensemble de données

    Contient cette citation

    Aliaga-Gosalvez, M. J., Demitri, N., Dohr, M., Roldao, J. C., Park, S. K., Oh, S., Varghese, S., Park, S. Y., Olivier, Y., Milián-Medina, B., Resel, R., & Gierschner, J. (2019). Crossed 2D versus Slipped 1D π-Stacking in Polymorphs of Crystalline Organic Thin Films: Impact on the Electronic and Optical Response. Advanced Optical Materials, 7(21), [1900749]. https://doi.org/10.1002/adom.201900749