Comparison of calibrated chromogenic anti-Xa assay and PT tests with LC-MS/MS for the therapeutic monitoring of patients treated with rivaroxaban

J. Douxfils, A. Tamigniau, B. Chatelain, C. Chatelain, P. Wallemacq, J.-M. Dogné, F. Mullier

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Résumé

Possibilities to monitor rivaroxaban therapy could be useful in certain circumstances. Prothrombin time (PT) or chromogenic anti-Xa assays such as the Biophen Direct Factor Xa Inhibitor® (DiXaI) have been proposed to estimate rivaroxaban concentrations but are mainly based on in vitro studies. The study aim was to compare PT and Biophen DiXaI® measurements with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) measurements in plasma samples from patients treated with Xarelto®. Fifty-two plasma samples were included. PT was performed using Innovin® and Triniclot PT Excel S®. Biophen DiXaI® was performed according to instructions from the manufacturer. The rivaroxaban plasma concentration ranged between 0 and 485 ng/ml as measured by LC-MS/MS. The limits of quantification were 30 ng/ml and 5 ng/ml for Biophen DiXaI® and LC-MS/MS, respectively. The linear correlation between Biophen DiXaI® and LC-MS/ MS analyses was high for all rivaroxaban concentrations (r2 = 0.95). For concentrations _100 ng/ml, r2-value was 0.83. The Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean difference of -16 ng/ml (SD: 25 ng/ml). The PT methods did not correlate well with plasma concentrations measured by LC-MS/MS (r2 _ 0.60). In conclusion, the important interindividual variability and the poor correlation with LC-MS/MS preclude the use of PT to estimate rivaroxaban concentrations. Thanks to its small inter-individual variability and good agreement with LC-MS/ MS measurements, we recommend the use of Biophen DiXaI® assays to estimate concentrations of rivaroxaban >30 ng/ml. Quantification of low rivaroxaban levels (
langue originaleAnglais
Pages (de - à)723-731
Nombre de pages9
journalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume110
Numéro de publication4
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 11 juil. 2013

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