The success of reproduction depends greatly upon gamete quality, especially oocytes which carry most of the molecular material necessary for early embryogenesis. However, it remains difficult to find relevant morphologic and/or biochemical parameters to assess oocyte quality and thus have a reliable prediction of the reproduction performance. To understand which criteria are the most reliable to assess the reproductive success of the Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis), we measured 14 parameters characterizing female, spawn, oocyte, and embryonic or larval development on 20 independent spawn. A data analysis allowed the definition of two clusters of spawn with different larval characteristics: the first cluster was composed of spawn which led mainly to strong large larvae presenting a low deformity rate, while the second cluster rather corresponds to spawn leading to smaller and weaker larvae with a higher deformity rate. Moreover, a third cluster (unfertilized spawn) was studied. Our analysis revealed that most of the prefertilization biological traits that we studied appeared poorly relevant to predict larval features, proper embryonic development and deformity occurrences. We thus performed a large scale proteomic analysis to highlight proteins differently expressed in each spawn cluster. A 2D-DIGE study followed by an MS/MS spectrometry allowed the identification of 32 proteins involved in several biological functions and differently expressed between spawn clusters. Among them, proteins involved in cell response to the oxidative stress, as well as energetic metabolism, heat shock proteins and Vitellogenins are of particular interest. Several functions appear specific to a spawn cluster and could thus explain their corresponding reproduction performance. In the future, proteins involved in those cellular mechanisms may constitute molecular markers predictive of the reproduction performance in Perca fluviatilis.
|Pages (de - à)||432-442|
|Numéro de publication||2|
|Etat de la publication||Publié - 15 juil. 2012|