Bumblebees moving up: shifts in elevation ranges in the Pyrenees over 115 years

Leon Marshall, Floor Perdijk, Nicolas Dendoncker, William Kunin, Stuart Roberts, Jacobus C. Biesmeijer

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs


In a warming climate, species are expected to shift their geographical ranges to higher elevations and latitudes, and if interacting species shift at different rates, networks may be disrupted. To quantify the effects of ongoing climate change, repeating historical biodiversity surveys is necessary. In this study, we compare the distribution of a plant-pollinator community between two surveys 115 years apart (1889 and 2005-06), reporting distribution patterns and changes observed for bumblebee species and bumblebee-visited plants in the Gavarnie-Gèdre commune in the Pyrenees, located in southwest Europe at the French-Spanish border. The region has warmed significantly over this period, alongside shifts in agricultural land use and forest. The composition of the bumblebee community shows relative stability, but we observed clear shifts to higher elevations for bumblebees (averaging 129 m) and plants (229 m) and provide preliminary evidence that some bumblebee species shift with the plants they visit. We also observe that some species have been able to occupy the same climate range in both periods by shifting elevation range. The results suggest the need for long-term monitoring to determine the role and impact of the different drivers of global change, especially in montane habitats where the impacts of climate changes are anticipated to be more extreme.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article20202201
journalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Numéro de publication1938
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 11 nov. 2020

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