1. The purpose of the present study was to test the effects of synthetic atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on renal haemodynamics and excretory capacities of salt and water in the rat during an 'acute volumic stress', which was induced by brisk disturbances of the circulatory volume. 2. To this end, 29 anaesthetized male Wistar rats were rapidly injected with 1 mL of 0.85% NaCl, repeated twice at 60 s intervals. The injectates contained no ANP (n = 5) or 1 x 0.25 (n = 6), 3 x 0.25 (n = 6), 1 x 2.5 (n = 6) or 3 x 2.5 micrograms (n = 6) ANP, added to the first injectate only (1 x) or to each injectate (3 x). Renal blood flow (RBF) was continuously measured with an electromagnetic flow transducer. 3. Renal blood flow increased transiently (approximately 30 s) by approximately 13% (P <0.05) during each injection of saline without ANP. Addition of 0.25 or 2.5 micrograms ANP to the first injectate enhanced RBF by 21 and 35%, respectively (both P <0.05), but did not modify the time sequence. Furthermore, addition of 0.25 microgram ANP to the second and third injectate produced an almost similar change in RBF at the end of each injection (delta RBF = 20 and 17%, respectively). In contrast, the addition of 2.5 micrograms ANP to the second and third injectate did not produce the same changes in RBF observed at the end of the first injection. The amplitude of the change in RBF was then similar to the increase in RBF induced by 1 mL saline without ANP. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) did not change significantly during repeated injections of saline alone or with addition of 0.25 microgram ANP to the first injectate. However, MAP decreased significantly (by 5, 9 and 9 mmHg) after the injection of 3 x 0.25, 1 x 2.5 or 3 x 2.5 micrograms ANP, respectively. 4. Sodium excretion was rapidly increased from 2.600 +/- 0.654 to 9.330 +/- 1.322 mumol/min after injection of 3 x 1 mL of 0.85% NaCl (P <0.05). Thereafter, sodium excretion remained enhanced throughout the experiment, so that 70% of the sodium load injected was recovered at the end of the experiment. Atrial natriuretic peptide added to the injectates further elevated the maximal responses in diuresis and natriuresis induced by saline injections without ANP (P <0.001). A maximal effect was observed after the addition of 2.5 micrograms ANP to the first saline solution. When the amount of sodium excreted was calculated by integrating the areas under the curve of the natriuretic responses, a relationship was established as a function of the amount of ANP added to the saline solutions. It was characterized by a threshold in the presence of 2.5 micrograms ANP added to the first injectate when the integration period was limited to 4 min 30 s and 14 min 30 s after starting the first injection of the varying test solutions. When the integration period was extended until the end of the experiment (2 h), the amount of sodium excreted in each group was further enhanced, especially after injection of 3 x 1 mL of 0.85% NaCl without ANP or with 1 x 0.25 and 3 x 0.25 microgram ANP. Differences in sodium excretion between groups were attenuated (P <0.054, ANOVA). 5. In conclusion, our results demonstrate differential effects of synthetic ANP on renal vascular reactivity and excretory capacity. These effects were superimposed on changes induced by acute volumic stress. In particular, effects of saline injections on renal vascular compliance were amplified in the presence of ANP added in varying amounts to the injectates. This amplification was limited to 2.5 micrograms ANP.
|Pages (de - à)||315-22|
|Nombre de pages||8|
|journal||Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology|
|Numéro de publication||4|
|Etat de la publication||Publié - avr. 1999|