Aluminosilicate-Supported Catalysts for the Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates by Reaction of CO2 with the Corresponding Epoxides

Luciano Atzori, Adrien Comès, Luca Fusaro, Carmela Aprile, Maria Giorgia Cutrufello

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs


Functionalized aluminosilicate materials were studied as catalysts for the conversion of different cyclic carbonates to the corresponding epoxides by the addition of CO2. Aluminum was incorporated in the mesostructured SBA-15 silica network. Thereafter, functionalization with imidazolium chloride or magnesium oxide was performed on the Al_SBA-15 supports. The isomorphic substitution of Si with Al and the resulting acidity of the supports were investigated via 27Al magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and NH3 adsorption microcalorimetry. The Al content and the amount of MgO were quantified via inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) analysis. The anchoring of the imidazolium salt was assessed by 29Si and 13C MAS NMR spectroscopy and quantified by combustion chemical analysis. Textural and structural properties of supports and catalysts were studied by N2 physisorption and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The functionalized systems were then tested as catalysts for the conversion of CO2 and epoxides to cyclic carbonates in a batch reactor at 100 or 125 °C, with an initial CO2 pressure (at room temperature) of 25 bar. Whereas the activity of the MgO/xAl_SBA-15 systems was moderate for the conversion of glycidol to the corresponding cyclic carbonate, the Al_SBA-15-supported imidazolium chloride catalysts gave excellent results over different epoxides (conversion of glycidol, epichlorohydrin, and styrene oxide up to 89%, 78%, and 18%, respectively). Reusability tests were also performed. Even when some deactivation from one run to the other was observed, a comparison with the literature showed the Al-containing imidazolium systems to be promising catalysts. The fully heterogeneous nature of the present catalysts, where the inorganic support on which the imidazolium species are immobilized also contains the Lewis acid sites, gives them a further advantage with respect to most of the catalytic systems reported in the literature so far.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article8883
Numéro de publication24
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - déc. 2022

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