Accurate first-principles evaluation of structural, electronic, optical and photocatalytic properties of BaHfO3 and SrHfO3 perovskites

Shahbaz Ahmed, Waqas Zulfiqar, Farrukh Javed, Hurriya Arshad, Ghulam Abbas, Amel Laref, Syed Muhammad Alay-e-Abbas

Résultats de recherche: Contribution à un journal/une revueArticleRevue par des pairs

Résumé

A reliable first-principles account of experimentally observed physical properties of perovskite oxides is crucial for realizing their employment in electronic and optical devices. In this context, SCAN meta-GGA functional of DFT offers good approximation for the exchange-correlation energy; facilitating accurate determination of structural and energetic properties. However, SCAN is unable to reproduce electronic and optical properties of wide bad gap materials. In the present study, we report systematic DFT calculations to show that structural, energetic, electronic and optical properties of hafnium based BaHfO 3 and SrHfO 3 perovskite oxides can be accurately determined through a combine application of SCAN and Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson (TB-mBJ) meta-GGAs. The structural and energetic properties computed using SCAN functional for both BaHfO 3 and SrHfO 3 are found to be in good agreement with experimental data; achieving a level of accuracy comparable to computationally expansive hybrid DFT calculations. On the other hand, TB-mBJ calculated band gaps computed using the SCAN optimized lattice parameters provide better agreement with experimental data at a low computational cost. The optical properties, band edge potentials and effective masses of the charge carriers in BaHfO 3 and SrHfO 3 are also computed to examine the combined application of SCAN and TB-mBJ meta-GGAs in predicting the photocatalytic performance of these wide band gap materials. Our results clearly show that the combination of the two meta-GGAs provide a computationally economical route for evaluating the photocatalytic performance of alkaline-earth metal hafnates.

langue originaleAnglais
Numéro d'article162071
journalJournal of alloys and Compounds
Volume892
Numéro de publication5
Les DOIs
Etat de la publicationPublié - 5 févr. 2022

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