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The effect of preconditioning linear weighted least-squares using an approximation of the model matrix is analyzed. The aim is to investigate from a theoretical point of view the inefficiencies of this approach as observed in the application of the weakly constrained 4D-Var algorithm in geosciences. Bounds on the eigenvalues of the preconditioned system matrix are provided. It highlights the interplay of the eigenstructures of both the model and weighting matrices: maintaining a low bound on the eigenvalues of the preconditioned system matrix requires an approximation error of the model matrix which compensates for the condition number of the weighting matrix. A low-dimension analytical example is given illustrating the resulting potential inefficiency of such preconditioners. The consequences of these results in the context of the state formulation of the weakly constrained 4D-Var data assimilation problem are discussed. It is shown that the common approximations of the tangent linear model which maintain parallelization-in-time properties (identity or null matrix) can result in large bounds on the eigenvalues of the preconditioned matrix system.
|Pages (de - à)||934-940|
|Nombre de pages||7|
|journal||Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society|
|Numéro de publication||712|
|Etat de la publication||Publié - avr. 2018|