Préparation et caractérisation de films ordonnés, fonctionnels et commutables de macrocycles et de rotaxanes de type amide benzylique

    Student thesis: Doc typesDoctor of Sciences


    The objectives of this work were to prepare and characterize films of benzylic amide macrocycles and rotaxanes obtained by functionalisation of an acidterminated self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on gold, and thus to probe the aptitude of these surfaces for applications in the field of the nanotechnologies. We initially studied the self-assembled monolayer of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid and focused on its composition, structure and organization. We show that the molecules of alcanethiol are oriented with the acid group pointing out from the surface. The film is highly ordered with defect density below 0.2%. We investigated the functionalisation process with the covalently bound Mac-OH macrocycle, with the physisorbed Mac-pyridine macrocycle and with the naphtalimide rotaxane. The latter is also anchored to the SAM through a non-covalent interaction. We focused on the comprehension of both quantitative as qualitative characteristics of the films, such as the degree of functionalisation, their stability with respect to external constraints, their order and homogeneity, their structure and their orientation. By combining techniques such as X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, electrochemical and contact angle measurements, we demonstrated that the films of macrocycles reach a high degree of functionalisation. The layers are homogeneous and a preferential orientation of the macrocycle molecules with the plan of the ring tilted with respect to the surface and with the alkyl chains pointing-out from the films is observed. In addition, we studied the possibility of using the macrocycle films for molecular recognition, employing the Fc-Gly-Gly molecule as a model target. Through similar experiments and analysis, films of naphtalimide rotaxane were proven to give a good functionalisation of SAM. The molecule adsorbs with a preferential orientation of the linear axis parallel to the surface and the macrocycle unit normal to it. We characterized the fluorescent properties of the molecule due to the naphtalimide group and showed that when adsorbed on a gold substrate the presence of the self-assembled monolayer prevents total quenching.
    Date of Award3 Oct 2003
    Original languageFrench
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Namur
    SupervisorLaszlo HEVESI (Co-Supervisor), Petra Rudolf (Supervisor), Philippe Lambin (Jury), Roberto Lazzaroni (Jury) & Laurence LEHERTE (Jury)


    • Molecular recognition
    • Rotaxanes
    • Macrocycles
    • Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)
    • Catenanes
    • Multi-functional materials
    • Nanotechnology
    • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)
    • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
    • Cyclic voltammetry (CV)
    • Nanotechnologies

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