Representations of the Arabs of Palestine through French Travellers’ Accounts (1799-1948). Current occidental stereotypes about the Arab world show the need of a study on the History of these representations. The present work based on 64 travellers’accounts shows the evolution of the representations on the Arabs during a century and a half long period, that has witnessed the rise of the Arab nationalism and the growth of the Jewish immigration in Palestine until Israel’s independence. Half of the studied travel accounts are by pilgrims, in order to measure the impact of the religious status of the Holy land on the travellers’ images of the Arabs, who are mostly Muslims. The crucial question of the relation to the Other proves the need to consider Anthropology’s method as a help. This study is divided in two parts. The first one analyses and organises the travellers’representations on every aspect of the past, present and future of Arab people in main themes. The second one is an attempt to explain the nature and the reasons of the travellers’views.